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Pelates quadrilineatus (Bloch, 1790)

Fourlined terapon
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Image of Pelates quadrilineatus (Fourlined terapon)
Pelates quadrilineatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Terapontidae (Grunters or tigerperches)
Etymology: Pelates: Greek, pelates, -ou = someone that comes near (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 0 - ? m.   亞熱帶的; 32°N - 33°S, 28°E - 178°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to southern Japan, New Guinea and Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819). Reported from Vanuatu (Ref. 13300). Migrated to the Mediterranean from the Red Sea via the Suez Canal (Ref. 5385).
印度-西太平洋: 紅海而且東非到日本南部,新幾內亞與阿拉弗拉海.(參考文獻 9819) 記錄來自萬那度了。 (參考文獻 13300) 迴游到地中海從紅海經由蘇伊士運河了。 (參考文獻 5385)

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 30573)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 12 - 13; 背的软条 (总数): 8-11; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 9 - 11. Generally silver in color, with 4-6 dark horizontal lines; a black blotch behind head and below dorsal origin and another in front of dorsal fin may be present; caudal fin pale or slightly dusky (Ref. 4327).
通常银色的颜色, 有四个 -6个深色的水平线; 在背鳍之前的在头部以下背鳍起点与另外一后面的一个黑色的斑块可能是存在的; 尾鳍灰白或些微暗色.(参考文献 4327)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Are coastal species often found in brackish waters; common in estuaries. They croak when taken from the water. Usually forming schools. Juveniles in seagrass beds and in mangrove bays (Ref. 48635). Feed on small fishes and invertebrates. Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male parent (Ref. 205).

一个沿岸鱼种时常发现于半咸淡水域; 常见于河口。 嗄嗄叫当抓离水面时。 通常形成群体。 稚鱼在海草床与在红树林海湾中.(参考文献 48635) 吃小鱼与无脊椎动物。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male parent (Ref. 205).印度-西太平洋: 紅海而且東非到日本南部,新幾內亞與阿拉弗拉海.(參考文獻 9819) 記錄來自萬那度了。 (參考文獻 13300) 迴游到地中海從紅海經由蘇伊士運河了。 (參考文獻 5385)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 低经济
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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俗名
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.4 - 29, mean 28 (based on 1262 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00591 - 0.01944), b=2.97 (2.81 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.