Pelates quadrilineatus, Fourlined terapon : fisheries

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Pelates quadrilineatus (Bloch, 1790)

Fourlined terapon
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pelates quadrilineatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pelates quadrilineatus (Fourlined terapon)
Pelates quadrilineatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Terapontidae (Grunters or tigerperches)
Etymology: Pelates: Greek, pelates, -ou = someone that comes near (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser riff-verbunden; tiefenbereich 0 - ? m.   Subtropical; 32°N - 33°S, 28°E - 178°W

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to southern Japan, New Guinea and Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819). Reported from Vanuatu (Ref. 13300). Migrated to the Mediterranean from the Red Sea via the Suez Canal (Ref. 5385).

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 30573)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 12 - 13; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 8-11; Afterflossenstacheln 3; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 9 - 11. Generally silver in color, with 4-6 dark horizontal lines; a black blotch behind head and below dorsal origin and another in front of dorsal fin may be present; caudal fin pale or slightly dusky (Ref. 4327).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Are coastal species often found in brackish waters; common in estuaries. They croak when taken from the water. Usually forming schools. Juveniles in seagrass beds and in mangrove bays (Ref. 48635). Feed on small fishes and invertebrates. Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male parent (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male parent (Ref. 205).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell
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Ablaichen
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Eier
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.4 - 29, mean 28 (based on 1262 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00674 - 0.01868), b=3.00 (2.85 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.