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Pelates quadrilineatus (Bloch, 1790)

Fourlined terapon
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pelates quadrilineatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pelates quadrilineatus (Fourlined terapon)
Pelates quadrilineatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Terapontidae (Grunters or tigerperches)
Etymology: Pelates: Greek, pelates, -ou = someone that comes near (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut; payau berasosiasi dengan karang; kisaran kedalaman 0 - ? m.   Subtropical; 32°N - 33°S, 28°E - 178°W

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to southern Japan, New Guinea and Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819). Reported from Vanuatu (Ref. 13300). Migrated to the Mediterranean from the Red Sea via the Suez Canal (Ref. 5385).

Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 30573)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 12 - 13; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 8-11; Duri dubur 3; Sirip dubur lunak: 9 - 11. Generally silver in color, with 4-6 dark horizontal lines; a black blotch behind head and below dorsal origin and another in front of dorsal fin may be present; caudal fin pale or slightly dusky (Ref. 4327).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Are coastal species often found in brackish waters; common in estuaries. They croak when taken from the water. Usually forming schools. Juveniles in seagrass beds and in mangrove bays (Ref. 48635). Feed on small fishes and invertebrates. Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male parent (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male parent (Ref. 205).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: nilai komersial kecil
FAO(Perikanan: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.4 - 29, mean 28 (based on 1262 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00674 - 0.01868), b=3.00 (2.85 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  Tinggi, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum kurang dari 15 bulan (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.