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Pristigenys niphonia (Cuvier, 1829)

Japanese bigeye
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Pristigenys niphonia   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pristigenys niphonia (Japanese bigeye)
Pristigenys niphonia
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Priacanthidae (Bigeyes or catalufas)
Etymology: Pristigenys: Greek, pristis = saw + Greek, genys, -yos = face (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin récifal; profondeur 1 - 250 m (Ref. 100719), usually 5 - 30 m (Ref. 94109).   Tropical

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Japan, East China Sea Shelf, Taiwan, South China Sea, Vietnam, Celebes, Australia, and Indonesia.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.4 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 5403)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 10; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 11; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 10; Vertèbres: 23. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: D X,11; A III,10; total gill rakers on first arch 27-31, mode 27 (upper limb 7-10, lower 19-22); lateral-line scales 31-39, mode 35; body scales above pectoral fin with about 11-60 spinules on posterior margin, the number increasing with growth; generally rounded caudal fin in young, becoming somewhat double emarginate in adults (noticeable in specimens over 15.0 cm SL); absence of black margins on posterior soft portions of vertical fins; 5 white or pale vertical bands (often indistinct) on body about 1/2-3/5 width of pupil expanded ventrally and dorsally with latter angled posterodorsally, very notable in young, less obvious in adults (Ref. 94109).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Associated with rocky habitats and known from 80 to more than 100 m depth but probably also occurring in shallower water, especially as juveniles (Ref.5403). From dive observations, juveniles and young individuals likely occur at 5-30 m depths (Ref. 94109). Eggs are pelagic (0.75 mm), small and spherical.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Iwatsuki, Y., T. Matsuda, W.C. Starnes, T. Nakabo and T. Yoshino, 2012. A valid priacanthid species, Pristigenys refulgens (Valenciennes 1862), and a redescription of P. niphonia (Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829) in the Indo-West Pacific (Perciformes: Priacanthidae). Zootaxa 3206:41-57. (Ref. 94109)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 20.8 - 28.9, mean 27.6 (based on 972 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5313   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Haut, temps minimum de doublement de population inférieur à 15 mois (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.