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Pristigenys niphonia (Cuvier, 1829)

Japanese bigeye
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pristigenys niphonia   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pristigenys niphonia (Japanese bigeye)
Pristigenys niphonia
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Priacanthidae (Bigeyes or catalufas)
Etymology: Pristigenys: Greek, pristis = saw + Greek, genys, -yos = face (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 1 - 250 m (Ref. 100719), usually 5 - 30 m (Ref. 94109).   Tropical

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Western Pacific: Japan, East China Sea Shelf, Taiwan, South China Sea, Vietnam, Celebes, Australia, and Indonesia.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.4 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 5403)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 10; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 11; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 10; Wervels: 23. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: D X,11; A III,10; total gill rakers on first arch 27-31, mode 27 (upper limb 7-10, lower 19-22); lateral-line scales 31-39, mode 35; body scales above pectoral fin with about 11-60 spinules on posterior margin, the number increasing with growth; generally rounded caudal fin in young, becoming somewhat double emarginate in adults (noticeable in specimens over 15.0 cm SL); absence of black margins on posterior soft portions of vertical fins; 5 white or pale vertical bands (often indistinct) on body about 1/2-3/5 width of pupil expanded ventrally and dorsally with latter angled posterodorsally, very notable in young, less obvious in adults (Ref. 94109).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Associated with rocky habitats and known from 80 to more than 100 m depth but probably also occurring in shallower water, especially as juveniles (Ref.5403). From dive observations, juveniles and young individuals likely occur at 5-30 m depths (Ref. 94109). Eggs are pelagic (0.75 mm), small and spherical.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Iwatsuki, Y., T. Matsuda, W.C. Starnes, T. Nakabo and T. Yoshino, 2012. A valid priacanthid species, Pristigenys refulgens (Valenciennes 1862), and a redescription of P. niphonia (Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829) in the Indo-West Pacific (Perciformes: Priacanthidae). Zootaxa 3206:41-57. (Ref. 94109)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 20.8 - 28.9, mean 27.6 (based on 972 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5313   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.