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Gymnomuraena zebra (Shaw, 1797)

Zebra moray
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Gymnomuraena zebra
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Muraenidae (Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Gymnomuraena: Greek, gymnos = naked + Latin, muraena = morey eel (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Shaw.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina revassocierade; djupintervall 3 - 50 m (Ref. 30573).   Tropical; 30°N - 24°S, 32°E - 78°W

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 33390) and Persian Gulf (Ref. 68964) to the Society Islands, north to the Ryukyu and Hawaiian islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef. Eastern Central Pacific: southern Baja California, Mexico and from Guatemala to northern Colombia, including the Galapagos (Ref. 9324).

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 1602); common length : 50.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 30573)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 0; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 0; Taggstrålar i analfenan 0; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 0; Ryggkotor: 132 - 137. Close set narrow dark bands (Ref. 30404). Has close-set pebble-like teeth used for crushing hard-shelled prey (Ref. 37816). Rounded snout (Ref. 48635).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

A secretive inhabitant of sandy and rocky bottoms, crevices and ledges of seaward reefs. It feeds primarily on xanthid crabs, but also on other crustaceans, mollusks and sea urchins (Ref. 9710, 48635). Benthic from 1-39 m, usually at <4 m (Ref. 58302). Possibly a protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. 32169). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Protogyny unconfirmed (Ref. 84746).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Chen, H.-M., K.-T. Shao and C.T. Chen, 1994. A review of the muraenid eels (Family Muraenidae) from Taiwan with descriptions of twelve new records. Zool. Stud. 33(1):44-64. (Ref. 6934)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 August 2011

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: mindre kommeriell; Akvarium: Kommersiell
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 29.1, mean 28 (based on 1176 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00107 (0.00051 - 0.00226), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.43 se; Based on food items.
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Mycket låg, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid mer än 14 år (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (81 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.