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Gymnomuraena zebra (Shaw, 1797)

Zebra moray
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Gymnomuraena zebra
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Muraenidae (Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Gymnomuraena: Greek, gymnos = naked + Latin, muraena = morey eel (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Shaw.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marino associati a barriera corallina; distribuzione batimetrica 3 - 50 m (Ref. 30573).   Tropical; 30°N - 24°S, 32°E - 78°W

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 33390) and Persian Gulf (Ref. 68964) to the Society Islands, north to the Ryukyu and Hawaiian islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef. Eastern Central Pacific: southern Baja California, Mexico and from Guatemala to northern Colombia, including the Galapagos (Ref. 9324).

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 1602); common length : 50.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 30573)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 0; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 0; Spine anali 0; Raggi anali molli: 0; Vertebre: 132 - 137. Close set narrow dark bands (Ref. 30404). Has close-set pebble-like teeth used for crushing hard-shelled prey (Ref. 37816). Rounded snout (Ref. 48635).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

A secretive inhabitant of sandy and rocky bottoms, crevices and ledges of seaward reefs. It feeds primarily on xanthid crabs, but also on other crustaceans, mollusks and sea urchins (Ref. 9710, 48635). Benthic from 1-39 m, usually at <4 m (Ref. 58302). Possibly a protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. 32169). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Protogyny unconfirmed (Ref. 84746).

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore | Collaboratori

Chen, H.-M., K.-T. Shao and C.T. Chen, 1994. A review of the muraenid eels (Family Muraenidae) from Taiwan with descriptions of twelve new records. Zool. Stud. 33(1):44-64. (Ref. 6934)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 August 2011

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesca: scarso interesse commerciale; Acquario: Commerciale
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Informazioni ulteriori

Stati
Aree FAO
Ecosystems
Presenze
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Stocks
Ecologia
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Prede
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Nomi Comuni
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Length-frequencies
Morfometria
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 29.1, mean 28 (based on 1176 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00107 (0.00051 - 0.00226), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.43 se; Based on food items.
Resilienza (Ref. 69278):  Molto basso, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione più di 14 anni (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (81 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.