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Gymnomuraena zebra (Shaw, 1797)

Zebra moray
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Image of Gymnomuraena zebra (Zebra moray)
Gymnomuraena zebra
Picture by Randall, J.E.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Muraenidae (Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Gymnomuraena: Greek, gymnos = naked + Latin, muraena = morey eel (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Shaw.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut berasosiasi dengan karang; kisaran kedalaman 3 - 50 m (Ref. 30573).   Tropical; 30°N - 24°S, 32°E - 78°W

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 33390) and Persian Gulf (Ref. 68964) to the Society Islands, north to the Ryukyu and Hawaiian islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef. Eastern Central Pacific: southern Baja California, Mexico and from Guatemala to northern Colombia, including the Galapagos (Ref. 9324).

Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 1602); common length : 50.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 30573)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 0; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 0; Duri dubur 0; Sirip dubur lunak: 0; vertebrata, bertulang belakang: 132 - 137. Close set narrow dark bands (Ref. 30404). Has close-set pebble-like teeth used for crushing hard-shelled prey (Ref. 37816). Rounded snout (Ref. 48635).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

A secretive inhabitant of sandy and rocky bottoms, crevices and ledges of seaward reefs. It feeds primarily on xanthid crabs, but also on other crustaceans, mollusks and sea urchins (Ref. 9710, 48635). Benthic from 1-39 m, usually at <4 m (Ref. 58302). Possibly a protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. 32169). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Protogyny unconfirmed (Ref. 84746).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Chen, H.-M., K.-T. Shao and C.T. Chen, 1994. A review of the muraenid eels (Family Muraenidae) from Taiwan with descriptions of twelve new records. Zool. Stud. 33(1):44-64. (Ref. 6934)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 August 2011

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: nilai komersial kecil; Akuarium: Komersial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 29.1, mean 28 (based on 1176 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00107 (0.00051 - 0.00226), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.43 se; Based on food items.
Daya lenting (Ref. 69278):  sangat rendah, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum lebih dari 14 tahun (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (81 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Medium.