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Sargocentron xantherythrum (Jordan & Evermann, 1903)

Hawaiian squirrelfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sargocentron xantherythrum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sargocentron xantherythrum (Hawaiian squirrelfish)
Sargocentron xantherythrum
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Beryciformes (Sawbellies) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 1 - 217 m (Ref. 58302).   Tropical

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Eastern Central Pacific: known only from the Hawaiian Islands and Johnston Atoll.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 9710); common length : 14.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 583)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 11; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 13-14; Anale stekels 4; Anale zachte stralen: 9. Body with alternating about stripes of red and silvery white; head red; operculum with silvery reflections, a white streak from above edge of upper jaw to the corner of pre, and a narrow white band on posterior edge of preopercle. Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.7-3.1 in SL; head length (HL) 2.55-2.75 in SL; snout length 3.85-4.15 in HL; interorbital width 4.8-5.15 in HL; maxilla extending from below front of the pupil nearly to center of the eye, upper jaw length 2.55-2.8 in HL; premaxillary groove at least to a vertical at front edge of the orbit; rounded anterior end of nasal; medial margin of nasal bone spineless; small nasal fossa without spinules on margin; slight ridge along the upper edge of suborbital bones smooth anteriorly, slightly serrate below posterior part of eye; preopercular spine, 5.4-7.1 in HL; 2 opercular spines (1 specimen with a large opercular spine), the lower 1/2 to 2/3 length of the upper spine; 4th dorsal spine usually longest, 2.2-2.55 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.5-2.05 in HL (Ref. 27370).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Inhabits seaward reefs below the surge zone, common near caves and ledges (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on crustaceans.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Randall, John E. | Medewerkers

Randall, J.E., 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (27):105 p. (Ref. 27370)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 6.1 - 13.9, mean 8.7 (based on 5 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00774 - 0.03400), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .