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Epinephelus suborbitalis Amaoka & Randall, 1990

Seamount grouper
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Image of Epinephelus suborbitalis (Seamount grouper)
Epinephelus suborbitalis
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) 鮨科 (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Epinephelus: Greek, epinephelos = cloudy (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Amaoka & Randall.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 深海底的; 深度上下限 360 - 570 m (Ref. 5222).   深水域; 27°N - 23°N, 133°E - 137°E (Ref. 5222)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: known only from a single specimen taken from the Minami-Koto Seamount which lies on the Kyushu-Palau Ridge.
西北太平洋: 已知只來自了一件標本取自了躺在九州-帛琉海脊上的 Minami-古琴的海洋山脊。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 118 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 4787)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 11; 背的软条 (总数): 14; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 8. Upper edge of operculum convex; posterior nostril of large adults broadly oval, its diameter about 3 times that of the anterior nostril; ventral edge of the maxilla with a step-like expansion distally. Color is uniformly grayish brown, the fins darker. Characterized further by the following: robust body, depth contained 2.7 times in SL; body width 2.25 times in the depth; head length 2.4 times in SL; slightly convex interorbital area, width 4.4 times in HL; upper edge of operculum convex; large adults with broadly oval posterior nostrils, diameter about 3 times that of anterior nostril; step-like expansion on ventral edge of maxilla; 3 rows of teeth on midlateral part of lower jaw; inner symphyseal teeth of upper jaw not enlarged (Ref. 89707).
鳃盖凸状的上缘; 大的成鱼的后鼻孔宽广椭圆形, 它的直径大约 3 倍前鼻孔的; 颚骨的腹面边缘末梢部地具有一个像步骤一样的扩充。 色彩是均匀浅灰褐色, 鳍比较深色的。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

The only known specimen was collected in a trawl from Minami-Koto Seamount, Kyushu-Palau Ridge (Ref. 89707).

已知唯一的标本在来自 Minami-古琴的海洋山脊,九州-帛琉海脊的一个拖网被收集。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

西北太平洋: 已知只來自了一件標本取自了躺在九州-帛琉海脊上的 Minami-古琴的海洋山脊。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Heemstra, Phillip C. | 合作者

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  数据缺失 (DD) ; Date assessed: 21 November 2016

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 没有兴趣
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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00555 - 0.02374), b=3.04 (2.88 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  非常低的, 最小族群倍增时间超过14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (70 of 100) .