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Epinephelus flavocaeruleus (Lacepède, 1802)

Blue-and-yellow grouper
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Epinephelus flavocaeruleus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Epinephelus flavocaeruleus (Blue-and-yellow grouper)
Epinephelus flavocaeruleus
Picture by Field, R.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) 鮨科 (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Epinephelus: Greek, epinephelos = cloudy (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Lacepède.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 10 - 150 m (Ref. 9710).   熱帶; 19°N - 36°S, 23°E - 98°E (Ref. 5222)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden south to Port Alfred, South Africa and east to the northwest tip of Sumatra, Indonesia. Also found in the islands of western Indian Ocean, including Cargados Carajos and Rodriguez. Not known from the Red Sea and Persian Gulf.
印度洋: 亞丁灣南至南非的艾佛烈港而且東至西北印尼的蘇門答臘的頂端。 也發現於西印度洋的島嶼,包括開克杜凱拉攸島與羅德里格斯。 已知不來自紅海與波斯灣。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 49 - ? cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 4319); common length : 45.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 5450); 最大体重: 15.0 kg (Ref. 4319)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 11; 背的软条 (总数): 16-17; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 8. Adults have yellow fins. Small juveniles about half blue, half yellow (Ref. 48635); distinguished by having sky blue color of head and body in juveniles to dark bluish violet or dark greyish blue in adults; yellow upper lip; ctenoid scales on body except cycloid scales anterodorsally above lateral line and on thorax and abdomen; body of adult with numerous auxiliary scales; moderately deep bodied, greatest depth 2.4-2.8 in SL; truncate to slightly emarginate caudal fin; pelvic fins 1.7-2.0 in head length (Ref. 90102); further characterized by having head length 2.4-2.7 times in SL; preorbital depth 6.8-8.8 times in head length for fish 36-66 cm SL; interorbital area convex; adults posterior nostrils 4-5 times larger than anterior nostrils; subangular preopercle, serrae at angle enlarged; straight to slightly convex upper edge of operculum; maxilla reaches to or slightly past vertical at rear edge of eye; 2-4 rows of teeth on midlateral part of lower jaw (Ref. 89707).
成鱼有黄色的鳍。 小的稚鱼大约一半蓝色又一半的黄色.(参考文献 48635)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Juveniles inhabit shallow reefs while adults are found on deeper reefs. Feeds on a variety of fishes, crabs, shrimps, spiny lobsters, squids, and small octopi. Solitary (Ref 90102).

稚鱼栖息于浅水礁区虽然成鱼栖息于较深的礁。 吃多种鱼,螃蟹,虾,棘龙虾,乌贼与小的章鱼。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度洋: 亞丁灣南至南非的艾佛烈港而且東至西北印尼的蘇門答臘的頂端。 也發現於西印度洋的島嶼,包括開克杜凱拉攸島與羅德里格斯。 已知不來自紅海與波斯灣。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Heemstra, Phillip C. | 合作者

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 22 November 2016

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 水族馆: 商业性
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.3 - 28.1, mean 26.1 (based on 78 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.55 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.