Balistes capriscus, Grey triggerfish : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium
This page is sponsored by
FishBase Consortium Member

Balistes capriscus Gmelin, 1789

Grey triggerfish
把你的觀察加入 Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Balistes capriscus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
上傳你的 相片 和 影像
Pictures | Videos |     Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google 影像
Image of Balistes capriscus (Grey triggerfish)
Balistes capriscus
Picture by Patzner, R.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) 魨形目 (Puffers and filefishes) > Balistidae (Triggerfishes) 鱗魨科 (Triggerfishes)
Etymology: Balistes: Latin, balista, -ae = crossbowman. In Greek, ballo = to throw (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Gmelin.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 0 - 100 m (Ref. 7348), usually 0 - 55 m (Ref. 55172).   亞熱帶的; 58°N - 37°S, 98°W - 36°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Mediterranean to Moçamedes, Angola. Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia (Canada), Bermuda, and northern Gulf of Mexico to Argentina (Ref. 7251).
東大西洋: 地中海到安哥拉的莫卡米底斯。 西大西洋: 新斯科舍省 (加拿大) ,百慕達群島與墨西哥灣北部到阿根廷.(參考文獻 7251)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 16.3, range 13 - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 7348); common length : 44.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 47377); 最大體重: 6.2 kg (Ref. 40637)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 3; 背的軟條 (總數): 26-29; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 23 - 26. Tall, with a small mouth and plate like scales (Ref. 35388). Three faint irregular broad dark bars on body; a narrow pale transverse band on chin; small light blue spots on upper half of body and median fins, and irregular short lines ventrally (Ref. 13442).
高的, 具有一個小的嘴與像鱗片的碟.(參考文獻 35388) 在身體上的三條模糊的不規則的寬深色的橫帶; 在下巴上的一條狹窄的灰白橫跨的條紋; 腹地的在身體與中央的鰭上半部上的小的淺藍色斑點 , 與不規則的短線.(參考文獻 13442)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits bays, harbors, lagoons, and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). May drift with young at surface among Sargassum (Ref. 9710). Usually solitary or in small groups (Ref. 9710). Feeds on benthic invertebrates like mollusks and crustaceans (Ref. 4727). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Consumed mostly fresh, smoked, and dried salted. The flesh is of excellent quality. Because it is resistant to capture, it proliferates and competes for food with other species (Ref. 5377).

棲息於海灣,港灣,潟湖與臨海礁石。 (參考文獻 9710) 在 馬尾藻 之中的表面可以和幼魚一起漂流。 (參考文獻 9710) 通常獨居性的或形成小群魚群.(參考文獻 9710) 吃底棲的像軟體動物與甲殼動物的無脊椎動物。 (參考文獻 4727) 消費了大部份生鮮、煙燻, 與乾燥鹽醃。 肉是有優良品質的。 因為捕獲是有抵抗性, 它增殖而且與其他的種競爭食物。 (參考文獻 5377)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Adults guard the embryos nested in sand which hatched in about two days (Ref. 9778).東大西洋: 地中海到安哥拉的莫卡米底斯。 西大西洋: 新斯科舍省 (加拿大) ,百慕達群島與墨西哥灣北部到阿根廷.(參考文獻 7251)

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Matsuura, Keiichi | 合作者

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., B.B. Collette and B.E. Luckhurst, 1999. Fishes of Bermuda: history, zoogeography, annotated checklist, and identification keys. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Special Publication No. 4. 424 p. (Ref. 35505)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  次級保育類動物, 見 IUCN 紅皮書 (VU) (A2bd); Date assessed: 06 June 2011

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  有雪卡魚毒中毒的報導 (Ref. 30911)





人類使用

漁業: 商業性; 游釣魚種: 是的; 水族館: 公眾的水族館
FAO(漁業: 產生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周邊海洋

工具

特別的報告

下載 XML

網路資源

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 9 - 26.2, mean 17.8 (based on 1432 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02089 (0.01761 - 0.02479), b=2.89 (2.84 - 2.94), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.2 (2.4 - 5.8) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 14 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.18-0.43; tm=1).
Prior r = 0.53, 95% CL = 0.35 - 0.79, Based on 1 stock assessment.
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   High.