Balistes capriscus, Grey triggerfish : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium
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Balistes capriscus Gmelin, 1789

Grey triggerfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Balistes capriscus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Balistes capriscus (Grey triggerfish)
Balistes capriscus
Picture by Patzner, R.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Balistidae (Triggerfishes)
Etymology: Balistes: Latin, balista, -ae = crossbowman. In Greek, ballo = to throw (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Gmelin.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut berasosiasi dengan karang; kisaran kedalaman 0 - 100 m (Ref. 7348), usually 0 - 55 m (Ref. 55172).   Subtropical; 58°N - 37°S, 98°W - 36°E

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Mediterranean to Moçamedes, Angola. Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia (Canada), Bermuda, and northern Gulf of Mexico to Argentina (Ref. 7251).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm 16.3, range 13 - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 7348); common length : 44.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 47377); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 6.2 kg (Ref. 40637)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 3; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 26-29; Duri dubur 0; Sirip dubur lunak: 23 - 26. Tall, with a small mouth and plate like scales (Ref. 35388). Three faint irregular broad dark bars on body; a narrow pale transverse band on chin; small light blue spots on upper half of body and median fins, and irregular short lines ventrally (Ref. 13442).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Inhabits bays, harbors, lagoons, and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). May drift with young at surface among Sargassum (Ref. 9710). Usually solitary or in small groups (Ref. 9710). Feeds on benthic invertebrates like mollusks and crustaceans (Ref. 4727). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Consumed mostly fresh, smoked, and dried salted. The flesh is of excellent quality. Because it is resistant to capture, it proliferates and competes for food with other species (Ref. 5377).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Adults guard the embryos nested in sand which hatched in about two days (Ref. 9778).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : Matsuura, Keiichi | mitra

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., B.B. Collette and B.E. Luckhurst, 1999. Fishes of Bermuda: history, zoogeography, annotated checklist, and identification keys. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Special Publication No. 4. 424 p. (Ref. 35505)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)

  Rentan, lihat daftar merah IUCN (VU) (A2bd); Date assessed: 06 June 2011

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: komersial; Ikan buruan: ya; Akuarium: Akuarium publik
FAO(Perikanan: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Strain
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 9 - 26.2, mean 17.8 (based on 1432 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02089 (0.01761 - 0.02479), b=2.89 (2.84 - 2.94), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.2 (2.4 - 5.8) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 14 growth studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (K=0.18-0.43; tm=1).
Prior r = 0.53, 95% CL = 0.35 - 0.79, Based on 1 stock assessment.
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   High.