Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 16 m (Ref. 107299). Tropical; 12°N - 28°S
Indo-Pacific: Seychelles, Mauritius (Cargados Carajos Shoals) and Western Australia; Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Palau, across Micronesia through islands of Oceania to French Polynesia (Rapa) and Pitcairn Islands. Apparently not occurring in Indonesia, Philippines, and New Guinea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48637)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Inhabits shallow silty inshore reefs (Ref. 48637). Collected on algal turf at 2 m (Ref. 37816).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.4 - 29.4, mean 28.2 (based on 1297 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00427 - 0.01860), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .