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Hypostomus spiniger (Hensel, 1870)

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Image of Hypostomus spiniger
Hypostomus spiniger
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Loricariidae (Armored catfishes) > Hypostominae
Etymology: Hypostomus: Greek, hypo = under + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; air tawar dasar (demersal).   Subtropical

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

South America: Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay (Uruguay River and Dos Patos system). Reported from a wide region with estimated values for criterion B: EOO = 251.934 sq. km and AOO = 72 sq. kml; thus according to IUCN criteria it can be categorized as a species of Least Concern (Ref. 121236).

Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.3 cm SL jantan/; (Ref. 121236)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 2; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 7; Duri dubur 1; Sirip dubur lunak: 4. This species is distinguished from all its congeners, except H. affinis, H. punctatus, H. ancistroides, H. commersoni, by the following characters: teeth bifid (vs. spoon-shaped); dark spots on light background (vs. light spots on a dark background or not spotted); with 4 rough lateral ridges on flanks (vs. no strong ridges on flanks); lateral series plates 26-29 (vs. < 28 in several species, 31-32 in H. laplatae); differs from H. laplatae with 1-2 plates bordering posterior margin of supraoccipital bone (vs. 3-4); differs from H. affinis, H. punctatus, H. ancistroides by its inter-dorsal distance 14.7-20.4% in SL (vs. 18.9-21.0%) and with head depth 48.8-76.4% in HL (vs. 48.2-49.9%); differs from H. commersoni by having large lateral ridges with odontodes posteriorly inclined (vs. fine and with odontodes in all directions), strong lateral ridges in caudal peduncle (vs. weak), mid lateral ridge from 2nd or 3rd plate (vs. from first plate), adults (> 12 cm SL) with a very weak ridge on temporal plate (vs. strong ridge) (Ref. 121236).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

This species was collected on substrate mainly composed of sand, oxygenated waters (8.4-9.0 mg/l) with moderate current; water turbidity was 22.4-74.2 NTU., conductivity 567-1909 ?S/cm, pH 7.6-8.3, and temperature 19.8-25.3°C (Ref. 121236). Feeds on organic material (detritus) on the bottom (Ref. 6868).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : Fisch-Muller, Sonia | mitra

Cardoso, Y. P., F. Brancolini, L. Protogino, A. Paracampo, S. Bogan, P. Posadas and J. I. Montoya-Burgos, 2019. An integrated approach clarifies the cryptic diversity in Hypostomus Lacépède 1803 from the Lower La Plata Basin. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciéncias 91(2):e20180131: [1-25]. (Ref. 121236)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless





penggunaan manusia

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

informasi lanjut

Negara-negara
Daerah-daerah FAO
Ecosystems
Kemunculan
Introduksi
Stocks
Ekologi
Makanan
Bahan makanan
Konsumsi makanan
Jatah
Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | semak peneliti ikan | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genom, Nukleotida) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Pangkalan data nasional | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(pergi, Cari) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  .
keancaman (Ref. 59153):   (0 of 100) .