Pseudojuloides splendens, Splendid pencil wrasse

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Pseudojuloides splendens Victor, 2017

Splendid pencil wrasse
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pseudojuloides splendens   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) 隆頭魚科 (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Pseudojuloides: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, iouis = a fish without identification, perhaps some of genus Coris cited by Plinius + Greek, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335);  splendens: Named for the splendid color pattern of male at terminal phase; masculine singular adjective in the nominative case.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 2 - 28 m (Ref. 116679).   

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Western Pacific: tropical to subtropical; north to Japan; south to Australia (New South Wales); including Northern Marianas to Lord Howe Island, eastward to Kwajalein Atoll in the north and to Samoa in the south.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 116679)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 11; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 12. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: D IX,11; A III,12; pectoral-fin rays 13; lateral-line scales 27 (+1 on caudal-fin base); scaleless head; gill rakers 14-17; each jaw with a single pair of large, projecting, and slightly recurved canine teeth anteriorly with the upper pair slightly out-flaring and the lowers curving forward and fitting between uppers when mouth closed; on each side of upper and lower jaws with a short irregular row of 3-9 chisel-like incisiform teeth, no canine posteriorly at corner of mouth; elongate body, depth 4.0-4.3 in SL; moderately compressed, body width 1.8-2.4 in body depth; colour of female IP orangish to reddish to pink, grading to whitish ventrally, the snout yellowish and/or bluish, often with a dark spot at midline tip, no dark mark at front of dorsal fin, median fins yellowish while terminal-phase male with a greenish upper body, bluish lower body, variably tan-pink along dorsal midline, distinctive mid-lateral blue stripe over yellow stripe along side of body; the head green above, blue below, two blue stripes behind eye extending across operculum, snout with a dark to tan band on anterior dorsal midline overlying a blue band and then a green band in front of eye; absence of dark mark at front of dorsal fin; caudal fin is slightly rounded to truncate, with prominent distal black semicircle (Ref. 116679).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Usually associated with offshore coral-reef areas in relatively deep-water habitats over rubble bottoms (Ref. 116679).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Westneat, Mark | 合作者

Victor, B.C., 2017. Review of the Indo-Pacific Pseudojuloides cerasinus species complex with a description of two new species (Teleostei: Labridae). J. Ocean Sci. Found. 29:11-31. (Ref. 116679)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00479 - 0.02087), b=3.06 (2.89 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .