Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Mochokidae
(Squeakers or upside-down catfishes)
Etymology: Chiloglanis: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, glanis = a fish that can eat the bait without touching the hook; a cat fish (Ref. 45335); tweddlei: This species is named for Denis Tweddle, of the South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB), who collected most of the type material and provided the specimens; and he is recognized for his ongoing contributions to ichthyological research in Africa (Ref. 116018).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Africa: St. John River drainage in Guinea and Liberia (Ref. 116018).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116018)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9 - 10. Diagnosis: Chiloglanis tweddlei is distinguished from C. waterloti, C. normani, C. occidentalis, C. nzerekore, C. longibarbis, C. kabaensis, and C. kolente in having more mandibular teeth in the functional row; it can be easily distinguished from C. polyodon and C. lamottei in having fewer mandibular teeth in the functional row, and from Chiloglanis aff. micropogon in having moderately long medial and lateral mandibular barbels vs. absent or reduced barbels; it is distinguished from C. dialloi, C. loffabrevum, and C. camarabounyi in having longer dorsal and pectoral spines; it can be distinguished from C. pezoldi in having a wider premaxillary tooth patch, 15.3-18.2% of standard length vs. 12.2-15.8%, and in having more premaxillary teeth in four rows vs. fewer teeth in three rows (Ref. 116018).
This species was collected in a medium-sized stream (3-12m) with mostly sand and bedrock ridges, as well as, fallen trees and undercut tree roots (Ref. 116018).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Schmidt, R.C., H.L. Bart, F. Pezold and J.P. Friel, 2017. A biodiversity hotspot heats up: Nine new species of suckermouth catfishes (Mochokidae: Chiloglanis) from Upper Guinean forest steams in West Africa. Copeia 105(2):301-338. (Ref. 116018)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .