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Etmopterus pusillus (Lowe, 1839)

Smooth lanternshark
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Etmopterus pusillus
Female picture by Andrade Coelho, R.P.

分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

板鰓亜鋼(サメとエイ類) (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Etmopteridae (Lantern sharks)
Etymology: Etmopterus: Greek, ethmos, -ou = sieve or ethmoides bone + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Lowe.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海 深海魚; 海洋回遊性 (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 0 - 1070 m (Ref. 26346), usually 400 - 700 m (Ref. 36731).   Deep-water; 42°N - 48°S, 98°W - 105°W

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: northern Gulf of Mexico; southern Brazil to Argentina (Ref. 247, 6871). One specimen collected off the Guianas (Ref. 13608). Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Namibia. Also occurs in oceanic waters between Argentina and South Africa. Western Indian Ocean: South Africa, and Arabian Sea (Ref.85183). Western Pacific: Australia (Ref. 6871), New Zealand (Ref. 26346), and Japan. Southeast Pacific: Amber Seamount, Nasca and Sala-y-Gomez.

Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?, range 38 - 47 cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 36731)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 2; 背鰭 (合計): 0; 肛門の骨 0; 臀鰭: 0. Bladelike unicuspidate teeth in lower jaw and teeth with cusps and cusplets in upper jaw, relatively short snout, low, truncated denticles (Ref. 247). Blackish brown dorsally, with an obscure broad black mark running above, in front and behind pelvic fins (Ref. 247).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Found on or near the bottom of continental and insular slopes at depths from 275 to 1,000 m (possibly to 2,000 m); also oceanic in the south Atlantic from the surface to 710 m (Ref. 6871), possibly as deep as 1998 m (Ref. 58302). Feeds on fish eggs, lanternfish, squid, and other small dogfish (Ref. 5578). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). Utilized dried salted for human consumption and for fishmeal (Ref. 247).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Ovoviviparous (Ref. 247). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 120744)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 December 2008

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 少数商業の
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 5.3 - 13.6, mean 8.9 (based on 409 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00355 (0.00217 - 0.00580), b=3.05 (2.90 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  低い, 4.5年~14年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Fec assumed to be <100).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.