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Etmopterus pusillus (Lowe, 1839)

Smooth lanternshark
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Image of Etmopterus pusillus (Smooth lanternshark)
Etmopterus pusillus
Female picture by Andrade Coelho, R.P.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (haaien en roggen) (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Etmopteridae (Lantern sharks)
Etymology: Etmopterus: Greek, ethmos, -ou = sieve or ethmoides bone + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Lowe.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien bathydemersaal; oceanodroom (Ref. 51243); diepteverspreiding 0 - 1070 m (Ref. 26346), usually 400 - 700 m (Ref. 36731).   Deep-water; 42°N - 48°S, 98°W - 105°W

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: northern Gulf of Mexico; southern Brazil to Argentina (Ref. 247, 6871). One specimen collected off the Guianas (Ref. 13608). Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Namibia. Also occurs in oceanic waters between Argentina and South Africa. Western Indian Ocean: South Africa, and Arabian Sea (Ref.85183). Western Pacific: Australia (Ref. 6871), New Zealand (Ref. 26346), and Japan. Southeast Pacific: Amber Seamount, Nasca and Sala-y-Gomez.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?, range 38 - 47 cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 36731)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 2; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 0; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 0. Bladelike unicuspidate teeth in lower jaw and teeth with cusps and cusplets in upper jaw, relatively short snout, low, truncated denticles (Ref. 247). Blackish brown dorsally, with an obscure broad black mark running above, in front and behind pelvic fins (Ref. 247).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Found on or near the bottom of continental and insular slopes at depths from 275 to 1,000 m (possibly to 2,000 m); also oceanic in the south Atlantic from the surface to 710 m (Ref. 6871), possibly as deep as 1998 m (Ref. 58302). Feeds on fish eggs, lanternfish, squid, and other small dogfish (Ref. 5578). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). Utilized dried salted for human consumption and for fishmeal (Ref. 247).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Ovoviviparous (Ref. 247). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 December 2008

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 5.3 - 13.6, mean 8.9 (based on 409 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00363 (0.00232 - 0.00568), b=3.04 (2.90 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 4,5-14 jaar (Fec assumed to be <100).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.