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Salmo multipunctata Doadrio, Perea & Yahyaoui, 2015

Draa trout
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Salmo multipunctata
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335);  multipunctata: The species name multipunctata refers to its diagnostic pigmentation pattern, which is consttuted by numerous spots and marks along the body (Ref. 107622).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic.   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Draa basin in southern Morocco (Ref. 107622).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 107622)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Vertebrae: 53 - 55. Diagnosis: It differs from other known species of the genus Salmo in the numerous irregular narrow parr marks, usually more than or equal to 14, in the lateral line; upper row of parr marks more than or equal to 10; lower row of parr marks variable, usually more than or equal to 5; two conspicuous black spots placed at the right and left sides of the iris and two less visible spots at the upper and lower sides of the iris; numerous black, small spots at the upper side of the body and several red ocellated and non-ocellated spots placed in the middle of the body; black spots sometimes extended to the opercular region and the caudal fin; ethmoid bone with a characteristic T shape; premaxilla bone with small and inclined upper process; from 14-16 scales from base of adipose fin to lateral line; from 12-14 dorsal fin pterygophores; and 9 molecular autopomorphies in MT-CYTB gene in the nucleotide positions 60, 216,474, 504, 732, 849, 915, 990, 1090 (Ref. 107622).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This species inhabits small and shallow streams with clear and cold waters (Ref. 107622). The habitat of this species suffers catastrophic seasonal floods that influence dramatically the demography of the population; the continuous deforestation of the Atlas Mountains and the disappearance of the riparian vegetation, increase the adverse effect of the overflows over the small Atlas rivers; overfishing is also a problem for a small population ; therefore this species should be included in the IUCN category of endangered (Ref. 107622).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Doadrio, I., S. Perea and A. Yahyaoui, 2015. Two new species of the Atlantic trout (Actinopterygii, Salmonidae) from Morocco. Graellsia 71(2,e039):1-26. (Ref. 107622)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00473 - 0.02214), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .