Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).; nethravathiensis: Named for the river where the specimen was collected and netharavathiensis is the replacement name for robustus (appeared in a project report (M. A.) as a nomen nudum (Rajeev Raghavan et al., 2013).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Asia: Nethravathi River in Karnataka State, India.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96640)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 31. Differs from its congeners from Western Ghats mountain ranges of peninsular India by having the following characters: pompous size, broad and round central pad of the sucking disc and
almost a horse shoe shaped swelling in front and on sides of median pad; snout broadly rounded with deep transverse groove with pointed tubercles arranged irregularly but approximately three rows in each side; proboscis absent; 30-31 scales on lateral line; 15-16 scales around caudal peduncle; 4.5/2.5/3.5 transverse-scale rows; well developed scales present up to chest region (Ref. 96640).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Arunachalam, M. and S. Nandagopal, 2014. A new species of the genus Garra Hamilton, (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from Nethravathi River, Western Ghats, India. Species 10(24):43-57. (Ref. 96640)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00418 - 0.01991), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .