Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Carapidae
(Pearlfishes) > Carapinae
Etymology: Echiodon: Greek, echieys, eos = a little viper + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); prionodon: Name from Greek 'priôn' meaning saw, and 'odous' (odon) meaning tooth, referring to the unique
morphology of the fang at the tip of the jaw.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 37 - 313 m (Ref. 93132). Temperate
Southwestern Pacific: New Zealand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93132)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished by the following characters: serrated posterior margin on the fangs; expanded thoracic plates on some abdominal vertebrae, 33-35 precaudal vertebrae; 42-45 dorsal-fin rays anterior to vertical through vertebrae 30 and 31; 40-41 anal-fin rays anterior to vertical through articulation between vertebrae 30 and 31 (Ref. 93132).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Parmentier, E., 2012. Echiodon prionodon, a new species of Carapidae (Pisces, Ophidiiformes) from New Zealand. European Journal of Taxonomy 31:1-8. (Ref. 93132)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 12 - 16.5, mean 14.3 (based on 27 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00095 (0.00039 - 0.00233), b=3.05 (2.83 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .