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Spectrolebias brousseaui Nielsen, 2013

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Spectrolebias brousseaui
Male picture by Vermeulen, F.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) 鱂形目 (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Rivulidae (Rivulines) 溪鱂科 (Rivulines)
Etymology: Spectrolebias: Latin, spectrum = imagen of a thing, apparition + Greek, lebias, ou = a kind of small fish (Ref. 45335);  brousseaui: Named for Roger D. Brousseau, the person who discovered the species.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水 大洋性; 深度上下限 0 - 1 m (Ref. 93219).   

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South America: Bolivia.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.2 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 93219); 3.5 cm SL (female)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

This species differs from its congeners by having a unique color pattern of males: anterior third of body light brown, posterior two-thirds of body dark blue, almost black dorsal region, with rows of bright blue spots, relatively large size, with about half the diameter of the pupil. It differs from all its congeners, except S. filamentosus, by having pelvic-fin bases separated by an interspaced (vs. pelvic-fin bases in contact), tip of dorsal and anal fins in males with long filamentous rays (vs. absence of filaments, or presents only on dorsal fin in S. semiocellatus and S. inaequipinnatus, or presents only on anal fin in S. chacoensis), and presence (vs. absence) of contact organs on scales of flank in males (Ref. 93219).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

The locality where the species occurs lies at the plateau area (316 m.a.s.l.), just southwest of Llanos de Mojos, which occupy much of the río Mamoré basin. Water temperature at the surface of the pool was 31ºC, at 1 meter depth was 22ºC, and at the marginal area of the pool, at 15 cm depth, was 35ºC. Only small specimens of Trigonectes sp. were collected syntopically in marginal areas, while specimens of Simpsonichthys brousseaui were collected in the deepest areas, at about 1 m deep. The pool has dark water, pH 6.8 and water hardness 80 ppm (Ref. 93219).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Costa, Wilson J.E.M. | 合作者

Nielsen, D.T.B., 2013. Spectrolebias brousseaui (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae: Cynolebiatinae), a new annual fish from the upper río Mamoré basin, Bolivia. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 11(1):81-84. (Ref. 93219)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 119314)

  資料不足 (DD) ; Date assessed: 22 April 2014

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00396 - 0.02008), b=3.14 (2.94 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .