Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Erythrocharax: Derived from the Greek 'erythrus', meaning red, in reference to the bright red coloration of the adipose and caudal fin in live specimens, plus the suffix 'charax', as generally applied for
genera of the Characidae.; altipinnis: Derived from the Latin 'alti', meaning elongate, and 'pinnis' meaning fin, in reference to the elongate dorsal-fin rays in males.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Asia: Rio Curuá in Pará, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93035)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 24 - 26;
Vertebrae: 34. Diagnosed from other species of the Characidae by having the pelvic bones firmly attached
through the isquiatic processes. Further differs from other characids by the possession of the following characters: nearly triangular hiatus in the musculature covering the anterior chamber of the swim bladder between the first and second pleural ribs; the pedunculate, notably expanded and distally compressed teeth in both jaws; circumorbital series represented by antorbital and four infraorbital bones with laterosensory canals not enclosed; a single tooth row in the premaxillary with the teeth perfectly aligned and similar in shape and cusp number; the first three branched dorsal-fin rays distinctly elongate in males; a bright red adipose and caudal fins in life; a conspicuous dark midlateral stripe extending from the opercle to the tip of the median caudal-fin rays; and by the absence of a humeral spot (Ref. 93035).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Netto-Ferreira, A.L., J.L.O. Birindelli, L.M. de Sousa, T.C. Mariguela and C. Oliveira, 2013. A new miniature characid (Ostariophysi: Characiformes: Characidae), with phylogenetic position inferred from morphological and molecular data. Plos One 8(1):e52098. (Ref. 93035)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00604 - 0.02750), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .