分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
板鰓亜鋼(サメとエイ類) (sharks and rays)
(Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Somniosidae
Etymology: Centroscymnus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, skymnos, -ou = pup, puppy (Ref. 45335). More on author: Waite.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海 深海魚; 深さの範囲 219 - 1550 m (Ref. 6871), usually 550 - 732 m (Ref. 247). Deep-water; 32°S - 56°S, 135°E - 168°W
Southwest Pacific: New Zealand and southeastern Australia.
Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm ?, range 129 - 170 cm
Max length : 131 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 247); 170.0 cm TL (female)
肛門の骨 0; 臀鰭: 0. Dark grey-brown in color, dorsal fins with very small fin spines, very short snout, lanceolate upper teeth and bladelike lower teeth with short, oblique cusps, stocky body that tapers abruptly from pectoral region, moderately large dermal denticles with triple cusps and ridges in adults and subadults (Ref. 247).
Found on continental and insular slopes (Ref. 247). Occurs in large schools near the bottom which are segregated according to size and sex (Ref. 247). Feeds on cephalopods and bony fishes (Ref. 247). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205), with up to 36 young in a litter. Size at birth between 32 and 36 cm (Ref. 247). Used for fishmeal and liver oil (Ref. 6871). Minimum depth from Ref. 247.
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Ovoviviparous with up to 36 young in a litter. Size at birth between 32 and 36 cm (Ref. 247). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 5.1 - 8.8, mean 6.9 (based on 105 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5313 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00201 - 0.01192), b=3.13 (2.92 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.59 se; Based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 低い, ４．５年～１４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Fec=36).
弱み (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (73 of 100) .