Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Somniosidae
Etymology: Centroscymnus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, skymnos, -ou = pup, puppy (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 219 - 1550 m (Ref. 6871), usually 550 - 732 m (Ref. 247). Deep-water; 32°S - 56°S, 135°E - 168°W
Southwest Pacific: New Zealand and southeastern Australia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 129 - 170 cm
Max length : 131 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 247); 170.0 cm TL (female)
soft rays: 0. Dark grey-brown in color, dorsal fins with very small fin spines, very short snout, lanceolate upper teeth and bladelike lower teeth with short, oblique cusps, stocky body that tapers abruptly from pectoral region, moderately large dermal denticles with triple cusps and ridges in adults and subadults (Ref. 247).
Found on continental and insular slopes (Ref. 247). Occurs in large schools near the bottom which are segregated according to size and sex (Ref. 247). Feeds on cephalopods and bony fishes (Ref. 247). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205), with up to 36 young in a litter. Size at birth between 32 and 36 cm (Ref. 247). Used for fishmeal and liver oil (Ref. 6871). Minimum depth from Ref. 247.
Ovoviviparous with up to 36 young in a litter. Size at birth between 32 and 36 cm (Ref. 247). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of potential interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 5.1 - 8.8, mean 6.9 (based on 105 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5313 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00206 - 0.01165), b=3.13 (2.92 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.59 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec=36).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (73 of 100) .