Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Trichomycteridae
(Pencil or parasitic catfishes) > Trichomycterinae
Etymology: Trichomycterus: Greek, thrix = hair + Greek, mykter, -eros = nose (Ref. 45335); macrophthalmus: Specific name is derived from the Greek makrós (large) and ophthalmós (eye), an uncommon condition among species of Trichomycterus.. More on author: Costa.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: Known only from the type locality, a small stream tributary to upper Piraí river, Araras hill, upper Paraíba do Sul river basin, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 89884)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9;
Vertebrae: 35 - 36. Distinguished from all congeners from southeastern Brazil by having nine pleural ribs (vs. 10- 17). This is similar to Trichomycterus travassosi and distinguished from all other species of southeastern Brazil by having shorter nasal barbel, its tip reaching eye (vs. between middle of the distance eyeopercular patch of odontodes and pectoral-fin base). Can be separated from T. travassosi by having larger eye (13.2 - 14.6% of head length, vs. 8.5- 10.7 %) and dorsal and lateral midline spots coalesced to form transverse bars (vs. lateral midline spots not confluent to dorsal spots) (Ref. 89884).
Found actively swimming during day time in shallow places (20-40 cm deep) with fast flowing water, usually on gravel substratum, sometimes partially burrowed in the sand (Ref. 89884). Sympatric with Trichomycterus claudiae (Ref. 89884).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Barbosa, M.A. and W.J.E.M Costa, 2012. Trichomycterus macrophthalmus (Teleostei: Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae), a new species of catfish from the Paraíba do Sul river basin, southeastern Brazil. Verteb. Zool. 62(1):79-82. (Ref. 89884)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00302 - 0.02087), b=2.98 (2.75 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .