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Sparisoma choati Rocha, Brito & Robertson, 2012

West-African Parrotfish
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Sparisoma choati
Male picture by Wirtz, P.

分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

条鰭類 > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scaridae (Parrotfishes) > Sparisomatinae
Etymology: Sparisoma: Latin, sparus = a fish with a golden head + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335);  choati: Named for J. Howard Choat, in recognition of his extensive scientific work on parrotfishes. During his lengthy and productive career, Howard has made many significant contributions to our knowledge of parrotfish taxonomy, ecology, reproductive biology, demography, evolution and historical biogeography.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海 関連する礁; 深さの範囲 2 - 30 m (Ref. 88982).   Tropical; 23°N - 21°N, 6°E - 7°E

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: from Cape Verde islands and Senegal south to the offshore islands of the Gulf of Guinea and northern Angola.

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.4 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 88982)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 9; 背鰭 (合計): 10; 肛門の骨 3; 臀鰭: 9. This species is distinguished from all of its congeners by the following set of characters: D IX,10; A III,9; pectoral rays 12-13 (rarely 13); pelvic rays I,5; lateral line scales 23-26; gill rakers on first arch 11 to 14; Initial phase of individuals and females greyish brown to greyish red, with chin and belly paler and reddish brown scales irregularly distributed singly or in clusters along flanks; pectoral fin translucent red with a dark red to black spot on upper fourth of its base. Terminal phase of individuals with brownish red head and upper half of anterior two-thirds of body; ventral portion of central third of body yellowish green; posterior third of body dark greenish grey; black spot on upper fifth of pectoral fin base (Ref. 88982).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Occurs in rocky reefs at 2-30 m depths, where it grazes on algae growing over rocky or calcareous substrate (Ref. 88982) and seagrasses (Ref. 7360). Males usually solitary, but females are often seen in pairs or small groups, juveniles in loose aggregations of up to 10 individuals (Ref. 88982).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Westneat, Mark | 協力者

Rocha, L.A., A. Brito and D.R. Robertson, 2012. Sparisoma choati, a new species of Parrotfish (Labridae: Scarinae) from the tropical eastern Atlantic. Zootaxa 3152:61-67. (Ref. 88982)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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インターネットの情報源

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00514 - 0.01477), b=3.03 (2.88 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  高い, 15か月以下の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .