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Centroscymnus crepidater (Barbosa, du, Bocage, de, Brito & Capello, 1864)

Longnose velvet dogfish
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Image of Centroscymnus crepidater (Longnose velvet dogfish)
Centroscymnus crepidater
Picture by Cambraia Duarte, P.M.N. (c)ImagDOP

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Somniosidae (Sleeper sharks)
Etymology: Centroscymnus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, skymnos, -ou = pup, puppy (Ref. 45335).

Issue
As Centroselachus crepidater in Ref. 58085:113; please send taxonomic reference(s) to confirm genus placement.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 深海底的; 深度上下限 230 - 1500 m (Ref. 26346).   深水域; 64°N - 57°S, 77°W - 159°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Iceland, Faeroe Islands along Atlantic slope to Portugal, Senegal, Madeira, Gabon to Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia. Indian Ocean: Aldabra and the Travancore coast of India. Western Pacific: New South Wales, Australia and New Zealand. Southeast Pacific: northern Chile.
東大西洋: 冰島, 沿著大西洋斜坡到葡萄牙,塞內加爾,馬得拉群島,加彭到剛果,那米比亞的法羅群島。 印度洋: 亞達伯拉與印度的印度特拉凡哥爾海岸。 西太平洋: 澳洲新南威爾斯與紐西蘭。 東南太平洋: 智利北部。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 75.4, range 82 - ? cm
Max length : 130 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 6577); 最大年龄: 54 年 (Ref. 57506)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 2; 背的软条 (总数): 0; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 0. Black or blackish brown in color, dorsal fins with very small fin spines, very long snout, greatly elongated labial furrows that nearly encircle mouth, lanceolate upper teeth and bladelike lower teeth with moderately long, oblique cusps, fairly slender body that does not taper abruptly from pectoral region, moderately large lateral trunk denticles with partly smooth, oval, cuspidate crowns in adults and subadults (Ref. 247).
黑色或暗褐色的颜色, 背鳍具有非常小的鳍棘 , 非常长的吻,非常延长了用中等长度又斜的尖头几乎环绕嘴, 矛尖形的上颚齿与刀叶状的下颚齿的唇沟, 非常细长的身体哪一不会从胸的区域突然变细, 普通大的侧面躯干细齿用部分平滑,椭圆形的,和尖的冠当成鱼与亚成鱼时.(参考文献 247)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

A fairly common species found on continental and insular slopes (Ref. 6871), on or near the bottom (Ref. 5578). Feeds mainly on fish and cephalopods (Ref. 6871). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205), with 4-8 young in a litter (Ref. 6871), born at 28-35 cm (Ref. 26346). The flesh is high in mercury; utilized as fishmeal and source of squalene (Ref. 6871).

一个非常普遍种发现于大陆斜坡与岛屿斜坡 (参考文献 6871)了, 在底部上面或附近。 (参考文献 5578) 主要吃鱼与头足类动物。 (参考文献 6871) 卵胎生的 (参考文献 205), 有四个 -8 幼鱼在 28-35 公分出生的一胎 (参考文献 6871).(参考文献 26346) 肉是高水银含量; 利用了制成鱼粉与鲨烯的原料。 (参考文献 6871)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Ovoviviparous, with 4-8 young in a litter (Ref. 6871). Born at 28-35 cm (Ref. 26346). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).東大西洋: 冰島, 沿著大西洋斜坡到葡萄牙,塞內加爾,馬得拉群島,加彭到剛果,那米比亞的法羅群島。 印度洋: 亞達伯拉與印度的印度特拉凡哥爾海岸。 西太平洋: 澳洲新南威爾斯與紐西蘭。 東南太平洋: 智利北部。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 119314)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 30 April 2003

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有毒 (Ref. 6871)





人类利用

渔业: 低经济
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 2.6 - 10.8, mean 7.8 (based on 659 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5313   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00199 - 0.01098), b=3.13 (2.93 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  非常低的, 最小族群倍增时间超过14 年 (Fec=4-8, tmax=54, tm=9-15).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (78 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   High.