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Chimaera opalescens Luchetti, Iglésias & Sellos, 2011

Opal chimaera
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Chimaera opalescens   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Chimaera opalescens (Opal chimaera)
Chimaera opalescens
Picture by Iglesias, S.P.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Holocephali 全頭亞綱 (銀鮫科) (chimaeras) > Chimaeriformes (Chimaeras) 銀鮫目 (Chimaeras) > Chimaeridae (Shortnose chimaeras or ratfishes) 短鼻銀鮫科 (Shortnose chimaeras or ratfishes)
Etymology: Chimaera: Latin, chimaera = marine monster, 1634 (Ref. 45335);  opalescens: Name from the Latin opalus (opal), refers to the characteristic iridescent colouration of the fresh specimens, resembling the nacreous colours of the semi-precious stone opal.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 深海底的; 深度上下限 900 - 1400 m (Ref. 87424).    ; 57°N - 48°N, 6°W - 11°W

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Northeast Atlantic, along the slope to the west of the British Isles and France (Ref. 87424).

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 96.8 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 87424); 109.8 cm TL (female)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

Chimaera opalescens can be distinguished from its congeners by the following combination of characters: body evenly coloured, iridescent, varying from beige to tan in adults and bronzish in juveniles; unpaired fins brown to purple, uniformly coloured or with pale or whitish edges; iris black; claspers tripartite divided for one third of their length, not extending beyond the pelvic fins in adults; dorsal spine equal or shorter than first dorsal fin; ventral caudal lobe equal or deeper than the dorsal caudal lobe. Comparison of DNA sequences of the CO1 gene with those of related species supported C. opalescens as a distinct species (Ref. 87424).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)


Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Luchetti, E.A., S.P. Iglésias and D.Y. Sellos, 2011. Chimaera opalescens n. sp., a new chimaeroid (Chondrichthyes: Holocephali) from the north-eastern Atlantic Ocean. J. Fish Biol. 79(2):399-417. (Ref. 87424)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7 - 9, mean 8.3 (based on 6 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00309 (0.00126 - 0.00759), b=3.10 (2.89 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  低的, 最小族群倍增時間4.5 - 14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (59 of 100) .