Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Trichomycteridae
(Pencil or parasitic catfishes) > Trichomycterinae
Etymology: Trichomycterus: Greek, thrix = hair + Greek, mykter, -eros = nose (Ref. 45335); maculosus: Name from the Latin 'maculosus', meaning spotted, in reference to its color pattern.. More on author: Costa.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: Upper rio do Peixe drainage, serra da Mantiqueira, upper rio Paraíba do Sul basin in southeastern Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86272)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 10;
Vertebrae: 36 - 37. Closely related to Trichomycterus itatiayae, Trichomycterus nigroauratus and
Trichomycterus diabolus, and can be diagnosed from all its congeners from southeastern Brazil by having a broad metapterygoid. Distinguished from these three species by having 45-52 interopercular odontodes; differs from Trichomycterus itatiayae and Trichomycterus diabolus by having seven branchiostegal rays, and 17 to 18 opercular odontodes. Differs further from Trichomycterus itatiayae by the possession of eight pectoral-fin rays, ten anal-fin rays, origin of anal fin in the vertical through the posterior portion of the dorsal-fin base, opercular and interopercular odontodes conical, caudal-fin subtruncate, and color pattern with dark gray row of blotches horizontally elongated along lateral midline of body; from Trichomycterus nigroauratus by having more slender head (head depth 34.9-44.5% of head length vs. 44.8-50.8%), narrower caudal peduncle (caudal peduncle width 1.8-2.4% SL vs. 2.4-3.3%), color pattern showing a dark gray row of blotches horizontally elongated along lateral midline of body and by the absence of golden stripes on the flank; from Trichomycterus diabolus by having caudal fin subtruncate, absence of osseous articulation between metapterygoid and quadrate, presence of filament on pectoral fin and absence of unpigmented zone on proximal region of caudal fin (Ref. 86272).
Occurs in stream with clear water, rapid flow and green color. Observed active during the day in shallow places (10-50 cm depth) along the margins, on gravel substrate (Ref. 86272).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Barbosa, M.A. and W.J.E.M. Costa, 2010. Description of a new species of the catfish genus Trichomycterus (Teleostei: Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae) from the rio Paraíba do Sul basin, southeastern Brazil). Verteb. Zool. 60(3):193-197. (Ref. 86272)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00302 - 0.02087), b=2.98 (2.75 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .