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Opistognathus variabilis Smith-Vaniz, 2009

Variable jawfish
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Opistognathus variabilis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Opistognathus variabilis (Variable jawfish)
Opistognathus variabilis
Picture by Ryanskiy, A.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Opistognathidae (Jawfishes) 後頜魚科 (Jawfishes)
Etymology: Opistognathus: Greek, opisthe = behind + Greek, gnathos = jaw (Ref. 45335);  variabilis: Name from Latin 'variabilis', refers to the highly variable color pattern and jaw morphology of this species.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 深度上下限 0 - 37 m (Ref. 81517).   

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Indo-West Pacific: from the eastern Indian Ocean (Maldive Islands and Sri Lanka) and throughout most of the central western Pacific, including the Ruykyu Islands and Palau.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.6 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 81517)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 11; 背的軟條 (總數): 14-16; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 14 - 16; 脊椎骨: 28 - 30. This species is distinguished by the following characters: elongate supramaxilla and posterior end of maxilla produced as a thin flexible lamina, varying from moderate to well-developed; usually a single black stripe (well-developed in fish with elongate jaws but only slightly in those with relatively short jaws) at the inner lining of upper jaw and adjacent membranes; lateral-line ends below verticals between segmented dorsal-fin rays 3-6 (typically fourth or fifth); body with about 68-83 oblique scale rows; caudal vertebrae 19-20 (rarely 20), except only 18 in fish from northern Palawan. There are several color morphs that exist (geographic variations) (Ref. 81517).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in sand/rubble bottoms in 0-37 m (Ref 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 2009. Three new species of Indo-Pacific jawfishes (Opistognathus: Opistognathidae), with the posterior end of the upper jaw produced as a thin flexible lamina. Aqua, Int'l. J. Ichthyol. 15(2):69-108. (Ref. 81517)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 119314)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 05 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.3 - 29.3, mean 28.6 (based on 2512 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00171 - 0.01168), b=3.12 (2.89 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 ().
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .