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Grammonus minutus Nielsen & Prokofiev, 2010

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Grammonus minutus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) > Bythitidae (Viviparous brotulas) > Bythitinae
Etymology: Grammonus: Greek, gramma = signal, mark + Greek, onos = hake;  minutus: short length at which the males attain maturity and ripen (Ref. 84063).  More on authors: Nielsen & Prokofiev.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 70 - 119 m (Ref. 94063).   Tropical; 13°N - 12°N, 109°E - 110°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Pacific Ocean: off Central Vietnam. Known from two localities (Ref. 84063).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 84063)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Grammonus minutus differs from the nine described Grammonus species since it exhibits the following combination of characters: fin rays in dorsal 75–76, anal 54–55, pectoral 22–23, number of vertebrae 12 + 30, interorbital 7.4% of SL. Males have already reached maturity by a length of 32 mm SL.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Depending on the changes in the current system in the Bay of Nha Trang and adjoining areas, juveniles and adolescents of deep-water fishes occur in the collection area at these shallow depths. According to T.T. Hieu, Institute of Oceanography, Nha Trang (personal communication, 2009), there are a number of deep canyons cutting into the outer shelf, which explains the capture of many relatively deep-living species. It is thus possible that G. minutus may live deeper than indicated by the actual trawling depths (Ref. 84063).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Nielsen, J.G. and A.M. Prokofiev, 2010. A new, dwarf species of Grammonus (Teleostei: Bythitidae) found off Vietnam. Ichthyol. Res. 57:189-192. (Ref. 84063)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .