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Centrophorus moluccensis Bleeker, 1860

Smallfin gulper shark
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Centrophorus moluccensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Centrophorus moluccensis (Smallfin gulper shark)
Centrophorus moluccensis
Picture by FAO

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (Haie und Rochen) (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Centrophoridae (Gulper sharks)
Etymology: Centrophorus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser bathydemersal; tiefenbereich 125 - 823 m (Ref. 247).   Deep-water; 32°N - 40°S, 34°E - 171°E (Ref. 54313)

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: southern Mozambique and off Natal, South Africa (Ref. 5578); India (Ref. 31367). Western Pacific: Japan (Okinawa), Indonesia (Ambon), Philippines (Ref. 31367), Australia, New Hebrides, and New Caledonia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?, range 80 - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 6871); max. veröff. Gewicht: 2.4 kg (Ref. 40637)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 2; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 0; Afterflossenstacheln 0; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 0. A small, slender gulper shark with a long, narrow snout, a short-based 1st dorsal fin and a very small 2nd dorsal fin; pectoral rear tips elongated; denticles small and flat (Ref. 5578). Grayish brown dorsally, paler ventrally; fin of juveniles dark, with pale edges (Ref. 6577).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Found on the outer continental shelves and upper slopes, on or near the bottom (Ref. 247). Feeds on bony fish, as well as other dogfish sharks, squid, octopus, shrimp, and tunicates (Ref. 247). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Utilized as fishmeal (Ref. 31367), for its meat, fins (low value) and liver oil (very high value) (Ref.58048).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Number of young 2 per litter; size at birth about 31 to 37 cm (Ref. 247); born at 35 cm TL (Ref.58048). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Partner

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 07 May 2012

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell
FAO(Fischereien: Artbeschreibung; publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 9.3 - 18.5, mean 12.9 (based on 246 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.70 se; Based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  sehr niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert mehr als 14 Jahre. (Fec=2).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.