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Sargocentron spiniferum (Forsskål, 1775)

Sabre squirrelfish
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Sargocentron spiniferum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sargocentron spiniferum (Sabre squirrelfish)
Sargocentron spiniferum
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Beryciformes (Sawbellies) 金眼鯛目 (Sawbellies) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Forsskål.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 1 - 122 m (Ref. 9710).   熱帶; 31°N - 38°S, 30°E - 124°W

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Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 4201) to the Hawaiian and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia; throughout Micronesia.
印度-太平洋: 紅海與東非 (參考文獻 4201) 到夏威夷與迪西島, 北至日本南部, 南至澳洲; 在密克羅尼西亞各處。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 51.0 cm FL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 40637); common length : 35.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 5450); 最大体重: 2.6 kg (Ref. 40637)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 11; 背的软条 (总数): 14-16; 臀棘 4; 臀鳍软条: 9 - 10. Head and body red, scale edges silvery white; spinous dorsal crimson in color; other fins orange-yellow; vertically oblong crimson spot on preopercle behind eye (Ref. 4201). Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.4-2.6 in SL; head length (HL) 2.55-2.85 in SL; lower jaw when closed slightly to moderately projecting; snout length 3.0-3.8 in HL larger than orbit diameter in adults; interorbital width 6.3-8.7 in HL; maxilla extending posteriorly to a vertical at front edge of the orbit; anterior end of nasal bone often with 2 close-set, short spines; medioposterior margin of nasal bone spineless; large nasal fossa spineless on margin; slight ridge of upper edge of suborbital bones weakly serrate; 2 subequal opercular spines; long preopercular spine, usually greater than orbit diameter in specimens at least 20 cm SL; 3rd or 4th dorsal spine longest, 1.7-2.3 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.7-2.3 in HL (Ref. 27370).
头部与身体红色, 鳞片边缘银白色; 颜色的刺状背部的深红色; 其他的鳍橘黄色的; 在前鳃盖骨在后眼上的垂直长方形深红色的斑点.(参考文献 4201) 在颊上的五列斜的鳞片列; 体高 2.4-2.6 分之一标准体长; 头长 (HL)2.55-2.85 分之一标准体长; 下颌当些微地关闭到一般突出; 当成鱼时的吻长度 3.0-3.8个 HL比率大于眼窝直径; 眼间骨宽度 6.3-8.7个 HL比率; 颚骨对眼窝的在前缘的一条垂直线向后延伸; 鼻骨的前端时常有两个靠拢在一起, 矮棘; 鼻骨的 medioposterior 边缘无棘的; 大的鼻窝无棘的在边缘上; 眶下骨的上缘的小脊微锯齿状的; 2根几乎相等的鳃盖棘; 长的前鳃盖骨棘, 在标本至少 20 公分 SL 中的通常大于眼窝直径; 第三或第 4个背棘长的,1.7-2.3个 HL比率; 第三个臀鳍硬棘 1.7-2.3个 HL比率.(参考文献 27370)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

A solitary species that inhabits a variety of reef zones from reef flats to lagoon and seaward reefs to a depth of at least 122 m and is fairly common in areas not subjected to heavy spear fishing. Found under ledges during the day (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Largest species of squirrelfish and the highest-bodied Sargocentron (Ref. 37816). Juvenile inhabits shallow protected reefs. A nocturnal species that feeds on crabs, shrimps and small fishes. Spine of preopercle venomous. Largest squirrelfish (Ref. 48635).

居住于从礁石平台到泻湖与临海礁石的多种礁石地域到深度至少 122 公尺而且是非常常见于不被重度鱼捞的区域的一种独居性种。 发现于岩架之下了在白天期间。 (参考文献 9710) 金鳞鱼与躯干最高的 Sargocentron 的大种.(参考文献 37816) 稚鱼栖息于水浅且有遮蔽礁区。 一个夜行的种捕食螃蟹,虾与小鱼。 前鳃盖骨的棘有毒的。 大的金鳞鱼.(参考文献 48635)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-太平洋: 紅海與東非 (參考文獻 4201) 到夏威夷與迪西島, 北至日本南部, 南至澳洲; 在密克羅尼西亞各處。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Randall, John E. | 合作者

Randall, J.E., 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (27):105 p. (Ref. 27370)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有雪卡鱼毒中毒的报导 (Ref. 2334)





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 水族馆: 公众的水族馆
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.4 - 29, mean 27.8 (based on 1488 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.01140 - 0.02649), b=3.00 (2.87 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Prior r = 0.59, 95% CL = 0.39 - 0.89, Based on 2 stock assessments.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.