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Epinephelus quoyanus (Valenciennes, 1830)

Longfin grouper
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Epinephelus quoyanus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Epinephelus quoyanus (Longfin grouper)
Epinephelus quoyanus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) 鮨科 (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Epinephelus: Greek, epinephelos = cloudy (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 ? - 50 m (Ref. 5222).   熱帶; 35°N - 32°S, 110°E - 156°E (Ref. 5222)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Japan to Australia. Unknown from the Indian Ocean except for the Andaman Islands record (as Serranus merra). Unreported from islands of Micronesia, Melanesia and central Pacific. Often misidentified as Epinephelus macrospilos or Epinephelus hexagonatus.
西太平洋: 日本到澳洲。 不知道是否從印度洋除了安達曼群島記錄。 (如 Serranus merra) 沒有紀錄來自密克羅尼西亞,美拉尼西亞與中太平洋的島了。 時常被誤鑑成 大斑石斑魚〔Epinephelus macrospilos〕 六角石斑魚〔Epinephelus hexagonatus〕

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?, range 18 - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 48635)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 11; 背的軟條 (總數): 16-18; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 8. Distinguished by the following characteristics: whitish color; head, body and fins with numerous large close-set hexagonal to roundish dark brown to blackish spots; ctenoid body scales except cycloid dorsoanteriorly above lateral line, on thorax and abdomen; body with auxiliary scales; greatest depth of body 2.7-3.2 in SL; rounded caudal fin; pelvic fins, 1.7-2.1 in head length (Ref. 90102); head length 2.3-2.6 times in SL; evenly curved dorsal head profile; snout subequal to eye diameter, snout length 4.6-5.3 times in HL; rounded preopercle or subangular; upper edge of operculum almost straight; posterior nostril diameter about twice that of anterior nostrils; maxilla reaches to or past vertical at rear edge of eye; 2-3 rows of teeth on midlateral part of lower jaw; lower jaw barely projecting in front of upper jaw (Ref. 89707).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits inshore silty reefs; there are no records from depths greater than 50 m. Feeds on shrimps, small fishes, worms and crabs (Ref. 89707). The enlarged fleshy pectoral fins appear to have resulted from its habit of sitting on the substrate. Solitary (Ref 90102).

棲息於近海淤泥的礁; 有沒有來自深度大於 50 公尺的紀錄。 吃甲殼動物,魚,與蠕蟲。 增大的肉質胸鰭似乎起因於它停留在底部上的習慣。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

西太平洋: 日本到澳洲。 不知道是否從印度洋除了安達曼群島記錄。 (如 Serranus merra) 沒有紀錄來自密克羅尼西亞,美拉尼西亞與中太平洋的島了。 時常被誤鑑成 大斑石斑魚〔Epinephelus macrospilos〕 六角石斑魚〔Epinephelus hexagonatus〕

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Heemstra, Phillip C. | 合作者

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 23 November 2016

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  有雪卡魚毒中毒的報導 (Ref. 30298)





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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.5 - 28.9, mean 27.7 (based on 504 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00680 - 0.01852), b=3.03 (2.89 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.