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Gymnotocinclus anosteos  Carvalho, Lehmann A. & Reis, 2008

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Gymnotocinclus anosteos
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Loricariidae (Armored catfishes) > Hypoptopomatinae
Etymology: anosteos: From the Greek Gymnos, naked, and Otocinclus, a genus of the Hypoptopomatinae, in allusion to the extreme reduction of the body encasing dermal plates. From the Greek anosteos, meaning boneless, in allusion to the absence of the late.   More on author: Reis.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical; 14°S - 15°S, 47°W - 48°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Brazil. Known only from two creeks, both tributaries to the rio Tocantinzinho, in the headwaters of the rio Tocantins basin, Goiás (Ref. 79020).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 79020)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Gymnotocinclus is distinguished from all other hypoptopomatine genera by the following uniquely derived features: extreme reduction of body dermal plates; absence of the lateral connecting bone; absence of bifid hemal spines on the abdominal vertebrae posterior to the first anal-fin proximal radial; and odontode tips on last dermal plates on the caudal peduncle dorsally or anteriorly curved. Gymnotocinclus is also distinguished by a number of non-exclusive traits: maxillary barbel adnateto the lower lip; lateral ethmoid almost completely encapsulating the nasal organ; ventral margin of preopercle straight, not deflected medially; pectoral girdle exposed and supporting odontodes only in a restricted lateral area near base of pectoral fin; and absence of a pectoral-fin slit (Ref. 79020).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Fisch-Muller, Sonia | Collaborators

Carvalho, T.P., P. Lehmann A. and R.E. Reis, 2008. Gymnotocinclus anosteos, a new uniquely-plated genus and species of loricariid catfish (Teleostei: Siluriformes) from the upper rio Tocantins basin, central Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 6(3):329-338. (Ref. 79020)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00228 - 0.01325), b=3.11 (2.91 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.1   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .