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Cephalopholis miniata (Forsskål, 1775)

Coral hind
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Cephalopholis miniata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Cephalopholis miniata (Coral hind)
Cephalopholis miniata
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) 鮨科 (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Cephalopholis: Greek, kephale = head + Greek, pholis = scale (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Forsskål.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 非迁移的; 深度上下限 2 - 150 m (Ref. 9710).   熱帶; 35°N - 32°S, 30°E - 156°W (Ref. 5222)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to Durban, South Africa and eastward to the Line Islands; including most islands in the Indian and west-central Pacific oceans. Absent from Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman. Misidentified as Cephalopholis cyanostigma from Reunion (Ref. 6453).
印度-太平洋: 紅海到南非的德爾班與向東至列島群島; 在印度洋與中西太平洋中包括大多數的島嶼。 波斯灣與阿曼灣沒有出現。 被誤鑑成來自留尼旺島的 黃背青九棘鱸〔Cephalopholis cyanostigma〕 了。 (參考文獻 6453)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 26 - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 90102)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 9; 背的软条 (总数): 14-15; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 8 - 9. Color orange-red to reddish brown, usually dark posteriorly with numerous bright blue spots which are smaller than the pupil and often faintly dark-edged on head, body and median fins; distal margin of caudal fin and soft portions of dorsal and anal fins usually with a narrow blue margin and blackish submarginal line; orange-yellow pectoral fins, on some only distally; orange-red pelvic fins; it is capable of a disruptive color pattern of irregular oblique olivaceous bars; juveniles may be yellow with scattered faint blue spots. D IX, 14-16; A III, 8-9 (rarely 8); pectoral 17-18 (often 18); scales on lateral line 47-55; scales on longitudinal series 94-114; snout anterior to nostrils no scales; partially scaled maxilla; abdomen with cycloid scales; gill rakers 7-9 + 13-15; depth of body 2.65-3.05 in SL; length of head 2.4-2.65 in SL; the maxilla extends to or posterior to rear of the orbit; smooth ventral margin of preopercle; 5th - 8th dorsal spines longest , 3.0-3.6 in head; pectoral fins 1.45-1.75 in head; pelvic fins do not reach the anus, 1.9-2.3 in head (Ref. 4787).
红色的有大的, 均匀地在头部,身体与鳍上空间蓝色的斑点。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabit clear waters of coral reefs; more often found in exposed rather than protected reef areas (Ref. 5213). Feed on fishes (80%, mainly Pseudanthias squamipinnis) and crustaceans. Form haremic groups comprising of a dominant male and 2 to 12 females. These groups occupy territories of up to 475 sq m subdivided into secondary territories and defended by a single female (Ref. 6480). Generally common (Ref. 9710).

栖息于珊瑚礁的清澈水域; 更时常发现于了裸露的而不是有掩蔽的礁区.(参考文献 5213) 吃鱼 (80%, 主要地 金花 [Pseudanthias squamipinnis] ) 与甲壳动物。 它形成包含一个优势的雄鱼与 2 到 12个雌性的一雄多雌一起生活的群。 这些群占领被一个母鱼细分成第二的领土而且防护的达到 457 平方公尺的领土。 (参考文献 6480) 普通地常见.(参考文献 9710)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-太平洋: 紅海到南非的德爾班與向東至列島群島; 在印度洋與中西太平洋中包括大多數的島嶼。 波斯灣與阿曼灣沒有出現。 被誤鑑成來自留尼旺島的 黃背青九棘鱸〔Cephalopholis cyanostigma〕 了。 (參考文獻 6453)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Heemstra, Phillip C. | 合作者

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 November 2017

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 游钓鱼种: 是的; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.7 - 29, mean 27.8 (based on 2104 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00692 - 0.01584), b=3.07 (2.95 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (tmax=30; K=0.101).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (65 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.