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Salmo letnica (Karaman, 1924)

Ohrid trout
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Image of Salmo letnica (Ohrid trout)
Salmo letnica
Female picture by Jordanova, M.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 底中水层性.   温带; 42°N - 40°N, 20°E - 21°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Europe: Eastern shore of Lake Ohrid, Macedonia.
欧洲: 湖 Ohrid ,马其顿。 记录来自塞尔维亚共和国与蒙特内哥罗了。 (参考文献 56374)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 36 - 39.7 cm
Max length : 76.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 6323); 最大体重: 6.5 kg (Ref. 4699)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

Distinguished from all its congeners in Balkan Peninsula by the combination of the following characters: lacustrine; size reaches up to at least 60 cm SL; in large adults, head and body silvery, with black spots, especially in upper part, red spots (when present) mainly along lateral line; flesh pinkish. Can be diagnosed from at least Salmo balcanicus and Salmo aphelios by its osteological characters (Ref. 59043). (Ref. 59043).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits lakes. Juveniles feed on zooplankton. Adults prey on zooplankton and fish, mainly Alburnus scoranza. Attains first sexual maturity at 5-6 years. Spawns in January-February in littoral and sublittoral areas (Ref. 59043). Threatened by habitat destruction, overfishing and introduction of new species (Ref. 26100).

吃无脊椎动物与鱼的一个长命的种。 繁殖发生于一月与二月。 受到威胁的由于栖息地破坏, 捕捞过度与新种的引入.(参考文献 26100)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

A single spawner (Ref. 58388).欧洲: 湖 Ohrid ,马其顿。 记录来自塞尔维亚共和国与蒙特内哥罗了。 (参考文献 56374)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 119314)

  数据缺失 (DD) ; Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 养殖: 商业性; 游钓鱼种: 是的
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

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成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
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形态测量图
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仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
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参考文献
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00566 - 0.01612), b=3.02 (2.87 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.64 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (64 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.