Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes
(Skates and rays) > Anacanthobatidae
Etymology: bulbicauda: Name from Latin ‘bulbus’ for swelling and ‘cauda’ for tail or appendage, with reference to the flattened expansion of the tail near its tip.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 150 - 1125 m (Ref. 75174). Tropical; 5°S - 31°S, 111°E - 134°E (Ref. 75174)
Indo-West Pacific: Australia and Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 43 cm
Max length : 43.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75174); 56.0 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished by the following combination of characters: moderate-sized disc, its width at anterior orbit 5.2-7.8 times mouth width; moderately elongate to short tail, its postcloacal length 79-170% of disc length; relatively large eyes with orbit diameter 4.7-8.8 in horizontal snout and 6.7-10.6 in head lengths, respectively; distal portion of tail expanded laterally in specimens exceeding about 28 cm TL (130 mm DW), width of tail near tip 1.3-2.2 times tail width at its midlength; pectoral-fin radials 66-71; moderate-sized pelvic fins, anterior lobe 12.1-18.1% TL; anterior pelvic-fin lobe rather broad-based, width 1.7-3.2 in distance between pelvic-fin origins; caudal fin rudimentary; tooth rows 20-28, in each jaw of adults; with teeth of adult males with greatly elongated conical cusps; 25-31 abdominal vertebral centra; 148-171 total centra; dorsal surface pale pinkish brown, ventral surface uniformly pale (Ref. 75174).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Last, P.R. and B. Séret, 2008. Three new legskates of the genus Sinobatis (Rajoidei: Anacanthobatidae) from the Indo-West Pacific. Zootaxa 1671:33-58. (Ref. 75174)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7.8 - 14.6, mean 11.1 (based on 40 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .