Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas)
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Coiliinae
Etymology: Coilia: Greek, koilia, -as = abdomen, hollow (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; marinhas; Água doce; estuarina; anfídromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 0 - 50 m (Ref. 189). Tropical; 24°N - 9°S, 70°E - 118°E (Ref. 189)
Indian Ocean: India from Bombay to Calcutta, probably also Myanmar, Thailand and Malaysia. Western Central Pacific: Thailand to Java, presumably also Kalimantan). Valenciennes listed a specimen from Mahé which lies to the south of Cannanore, India but there is no such specimen in Paris.
Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade
Maturity: Lm ?, range 1 - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 9822); common length : 17.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 9822)
Espinhos dorsais (total): 0; Espinhos anais 0; Raios anais moles: 80. Body tapering, belly rounded before pelvic fins, with 5 or 6 (rarely 4) + 7 to 9 = 12 to 15 keeled scutes from just behind pectoral fin base to anus. Maxilla short. Pectoral fin with 6 long filaments and 9 to 11 (rarely 8) branched fin rays. Flanks and belly with golden or pearly spots (light organs) in rows below scales, also along isthmus, edge of lower jaw, on cheek and gill cover.
A coastal and estuarine species, occurring in fully saline water, but also able to tolerate lowered salinities, perhaps almost fresh water. Feeds on copepods, prawn and fish larvae, various unidentified crustaceans and cypris, also stomatopod larvae, mysids, polychaete larvae, isopods and Sagitta. The breeding season is perhaps extended; probably entering estuaries to breed (larvae about 5 km up Burhabalang estuary, Orissa, India in May and June). Utilized as a food fish (Ref. 171).
Breeding season is perhaps extended. Spawn in school (Ref. 205).
Munroe, T.A. and M. Nizinski, 1999. Engraulidae. Anchovies. p. 1698-1706. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9822)
Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Ameaça para o homem
Pescarias: espécies comerciais
ReferênciasAquaculturaPerfil para aquaculturaEstirpesGenéticaFrequência dos alelosHereditariedadeDoençasProcessamentoMass conversion
ColaboradoresFotografiasStamps, Coins Misc.SonsCiguateraVelocidadeTipo de nataçãoÁrea branquialOutras referênciasCérebrosVisão
Fontes da internet
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.6 - 29.3, mean 28.7 (based on 640 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00240 - 0.00872), b=2.92 (2.76 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.39 se; Based on food items.
Resiliência (Ref. 69278
): Elevada, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população menor que 15 meses (tm=0.5-0.6; K=1.07-1.54; Fec=1,000-5,000).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .