Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Cottidae
Etymology: Cottus: Greek, kottos = a fish (Ref. 45335); scaturigo: Derived from the Latin scaturigo, meaning spouting water, spring, in reference to the type locality.. More on author: Freyhof, Kottelat.
This species is synonym of Cottus gobio (Linnaeus, 1758) in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Jan. 2012: Ref. 89336).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate
Europe: Timavo spring in Italy.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55856)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 11. Can be distinguished from other species of Cottus in the Adriatic basin and Danube drainage by the combination of the following characters: body coloration uniform reddish brown, or pattern slightly darker than background; fins hyaline or dusky and rays slightly tessellated; first dorsal fin dark brown to black with bold whitish margin in live nuptial males; no prickling on body; depth of caudal peduncle 22-26% HL; body depth at origin of second dorsal fin 16-17% SL; predorsal length 33-38% SL; length between snout and origin of second dorsal fin 52-59% SL; usually 11 1/2 anal-fin rays; pelvic-fin base attached to body by a small membrane; interorbital distance 1.5-2.0 times in eye diameter; last anal-fin ray attached to body at base only; membrane of first dorsal fin usually reaching to origin of second dorsal; length of caudal peduncle 45-62% HL; dorsal head length 21-25% SL (Ref. 55856).
Occurs in large, very cold spring. Attains first sexual maturity at 1 year. Spawns in March (Ref . 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Freyhof, J., M. Kottelat and A. Nolte, 2005. Taxonomic diversity of European Cottus with description of eight new species (Teleostei: Cottidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 16(2):107-172. (Ref. 55856)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00342 - 0.02217), b=3.12 (2.89 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .