Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae
(Barbeled dragonfishes) > Melanostomiinae
Etymology: Eustomias: Greek, eu = good + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335); vulgaris: Named in reference to its simple, branchless barbel (Ref. 45801).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 0 - 750 m (Ref. 58302). Tropical
Pacific Ocean: near Hawaii (type locality, Teritu St. 710208, near Hawaii), several areas in the south central Pacific, and near the equator in the western Pacific.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.0 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Barbel without branches arising from stem; stem solidly pigmented; stem pigment extending onto terminal bulb; terminal filament absent or single and medial (Ref. 45801).
Epi- and mesopelagic, with most caught in nets fishing above 160 m (Ref. 58302).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Clarke, T.A., 2001. Pelagic fishes of the genus Eustomias, subgenus Dinematochirus (Stomiidae), in the Indo-Pacific with the description of twelve new speices. Copeia 2001(3):683-699. (Ref. 45801)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 12.6 - 24.6, mean 18.9 (based on 130 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.8 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .