Parupeneus insularis, Twosaddle goatfish : gamefish, aquarium

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Parupeneus insularis Randall & Myers, 2002

Twosaddle goatfish
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Parupeneus insularis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Parupeneus insularis
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Etymology: Parupeneus: Latin, parum, parvum = small + Peneus, the name of a river;  insularis: Named for its occurrence on oceanic islands of the Pacific ['insularis' = islands].  More on authors: Randall & Myers.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 1 - 80 m (Ref. 89972).   熱帶

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Eastern Central Pacific: Hawaii, French Polynesia, and Pitcairn Islands to the Marshall, Mariana, Phoenix, and Samoa islands. This species is included in the Parupeneus trifasciatus complex where, Parupeneus trifasciatus is restricted to the Indian Ocean and Parupeneus crassilabris is from eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific, east to Fiji, Tonga, and the Caroline Islands.
中太平洋東部: 夏威夷,法屬玻里尼西亞與皮特凱恩群島到馬紹爾群島,馬里亞納群島,鳳凰島與美屬薩摩亞島。 這種被包含在 三帶副緋鯉〔Parupeneus trifasciatus〕 複合體內在哪裡, 三帶副緋鯉〔Parupeneus trifasciatus〕 被侷限於印度洋,而且 Parupeneus crassilabris 來自東印度洋與西太平洋,東至斐濟,東加, 與加羅林群島。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 13550); 最大体重: 1.4 kg (Ref. 4887)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs on coral reefs and adjacent habitats, generally in less than 30 m (Ref. 45589), but has been recorded to 83 meters (Ref. 54393). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Stomach contents of 12 specimens consist of 44% by volume of crabs; followed by shrimps, octopuses, mantis shrimps, amphipods and other crustaceans, fishes, and polychaetes (Ref. 45589).

生活于珊瑚礁与毗连的栖息地, 通常在少于 30 公尺 (参考文献 45589) 中, 但是已经被记录到 83 公尺.(参考文献 54393) 12件标本的胃内含物有螃蟹的体积的 44%; 跟随着虾,章鱼,螳螂虾,片脚类动物与其他的甲壳动物,鱼与多毛类动物了。 (参考文献 45589)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

中太平洋東部: 夏威夷,法屬玻里尼西亞與皮特凱恩群島到馬紹爾群島,馬里亞納群島,鳳凰島與美屬薩摩亞島。 這種被包含在 三帶副緋鯉〔Parupeneus trifasciatus〕 複合體內在哪裡, 三帶副緋鯉〔Parupeneus trifasciatus〕 被侷限於印度洋,而且 Parupeneus crassilabris 來自東印度洋與西太平洋,東至斐濟,東加, 與加羅林群島。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Randall, John E. | 合作者

Randall, J.E., 2004. Revision of the goatfish genus Parupeneus (Perciformes: Mullidae), with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (36):64 p. (Ref. 54393)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 11 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

游钓鱼种: 是的; 水族馆: 商业性
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.3 - 28.7, mean 26.8 (based on 168 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00582 - 0.01883), b=3.09 (2.94 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .