Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Teleocichla: Greek, tele, telos = perfect + Greek, kichle = wrasse (Ref. 45335); centisquama: From the number of longitudinal scales ['centum' = a hundred; 'squama' = scales], the highest recorded for the genus.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Xingu River drainage, Amazon River basin in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 46528)
(total): 18 - 20;
soft rays: 8 - 9;
Vertebrae: 33. Slender-bodied (body depth 10.5-13.9% SL), with continuous lateral line and 113-129 longitudinal scales. Compared to other congeners, orbital diameter smaller (5.7-7.6%SL versus 7.3-10.6); caudal peduncle depth lower (7.2-8.2% SL versus 8.8-10.4). Ctenoid scales restricted to posterior quarter of the body. Caudal fin rounded. Pectoral fin nearly symmetrical, 8th ray longest, with lower edge slightly thickened (Ref. 46528).
A rheophilic species which dwells on rocky bottom rapids with water flow up to 1.7 m/sec. Perches solitary on top of boulders. Forages on rock surfaces and picks mostly on benthic preys; also feeds on micro-crustaceans (cladocerans, ostracods, copepods), immature aquatic insects (chironomids, ephemeropterans, trichopterans) and minute clams (Ref. 46528).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Zuanon, J. and I. Sazima, 2002. Teleocichla centisquama, a new species of rapids-dwelling cichlid from Xingu River, Amazonia (Perciformes: Cichlidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 13(4):373-378. (Ref. 46528)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00267 - 0.01297), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .