Acanthurus nigricans, Whitecheek surgeonfish : fisheries, aquarium

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Acanthurus nigricans (Linnaeus, 1758)

Whitecheek surgeonfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Acanthurus nigricans   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Acanthurus nigricans (Whitecheek surgeonfish)
Acanthurus nigricans
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Acanthurinae
Etymology: Acanthurus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 1 - 67 m (Ref. 1602), usually 2 - 67 m (Ref. 27115).   Tropical; 21°C - 29°C (Ref. 27115); 30°N - 24°S

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: known only from Cocos-Keeling Islands and Christmas Island. Pacific Ocean: Ryukyu Islands and Great Barrier Reef to the Hawaiian Islands and French Polynesia (excluding Rapa). This species has crossed the Eastern Pacific Barrier to the Revillagigedo Islands, Cocos Island, Galapagos Islands, and the coast of Mexico.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.3 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 2334); Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 34 jaren (Ref. 52229)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 9; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 28-31; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 26 - 28. A horizontally elongate white blotch directly below eye. No orange band in outer part of dorsal fin. Caudal peduncle black except for yellow edge of socket and sheath of peduncular spine. Base of pectoral fin black (ref 9808).Gill rakers on anterior row:17-19, on posterior row:18-20.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit hard substrate areas of clear lagoon and seaward reefs from the lower surge zone to at least 67 m and feeds on filamentous algae. Solitary or in groups (Ref. 90102). Monogamous (Ref. 52884, 48637). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Small juveniles shy among large corals (Ref. 48637). Territorial species. Common throughout Micronesia and hybridizes with the rare A. achilles. Size of metamorphosis from the postlarva stage to juvenile is 5.5 to 6 cm (Ref. 9267).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Monogamous mating is observed as both facultative and social (Ref. 52884).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Randall, John E. | Medewerkers

Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 May 2010

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.5 - 28.8, mean 27.4 (based on 650 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02630 (0.01503 - 0.04603), b=2.92 (2.77 - 3.07), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 3.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  zeer laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd meer dan 14 jaar (K=0.28; tmax=34).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Medium.