Parupeneus cyclostomus, Gold-saddle goatfish : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

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Parupeneus cyclostomus (Lacepède, 1801)

Gold-saddle goatfish
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Parupeneus cyclostomus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Parupeneus cyclostomus (Gold-saddle goatfish)
Parupeneus cyclostomus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Etymology: Parupeneus: Latin, parum, parvum = small + Peneus, the name of a river.  More on author: Lacepède.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 非迁移的; 深度上下限 2 - 125 m (Ref. 90102).   热带; 30°N - 35°S, 35°E - 124°W (Ref. 54393)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and east coast of Africa south to Durban, South Africa, east to the Hawaiian Islands, islands of French Polynesia and the Pitcairn Islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara Islands, Japan south to Australia.
印度-太平洋: 红海南至南非的德尔班 (参考文献 5405) 而且东至夏威夷群岛,列岛群岛,马贵斯群岛与 Tuamoto 岛, 北至琉球群岛, 南至新加勒多尼亚与拉帕岛。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 30573); common length : 35.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 30573); 最大体重: 2.3 kg (Ref. 4887)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 8; 背的软条 (总数): 9; 臀棘 1; 臀鳍软条: 7. This species is distinguished by the following characters: pectoral rays 16 (rarely 15 or 17); gill rakers 6-7 + 22-26 = 29-33; body depth 3.25-3.8 in SL (body deeper with growth); head length (HL) 2.85-3.1 in SL; snout long, its length 1.61.8 in HL; eye small, the orbit diameter 5.3-8.95 in HL (SL 118-392 mm); barbels very long, 1.15 in HL to longer than head; longest dorsal spine 1.5-1.7 in HL; penultimate dorsal ray 1.1-1.2 in length of last dorsal ray; pectoral-fin length 1.5-1.7 in HL; pelvic-fin length 1.35-1.55 in HL. Colour of large adults yellowish gray, edges of the scales bright blue except ventrally, edges more broadly blue posteriorly; a large, hemispherical, saddle-like, yellow spot covering most of upper half of caudal peduncle; region around eye yellow with radiating short narrow blue bands; caudal fin with longitudinal blue bands; second dorsal and anal fins with narrow oblique blue bands; a second smaller color phase entirely yellow, with dorsal peduncular spot sometimes apparent by being brighter yellow than rest of body (Ref. 54393).
鉴别: 胸鳍鳍条 16.(很少地 15 或 17) 鳃耙 6-7+22-26.(总数 29-33) 体高 3.25-3.8 分之一标准体长;(身体更深地随着成长) 头长 (HL)2.85-3.1 分之一标准体长; 吻长的, 它的长度 1.61.8个 HL比率; 眼小的, 眼窝直径 5.3-8.95个 HL比率;(SL 118-392 mm) 触须非常长的, 长度超过头部的 1.15个 HL比率; 长的背棘 1.5-1.7个 HL比率; 倒数第二的背鳍鳍条最后背鳍鳍条的 1.1-1.2个长; 胸鳍长度 1.5-1.7個 HL比率; 腹鰭長度 1.35-1.55個 HL比率。 大的成魚的顏色黃灰色的, 鱗片的邊緣淡藍色除了腹地之外, 邊緣更寬廣藍色在後部地; 大的﹐半球形的﹐和像鞍狀斑一樣, 黃斑包含的尾柄的大部分上半部; 區域眼的周圍黃色的有放射短的狹窄藍色的條紋; 尾鰭有縱向的藍色條紋; 第二背鰭與臀鰭有狹窄的斜藍色的條紋; 第二個較小的色相完全黃色, 背部肉梗的斑點有時明顯的藉由超過身體的其餘部分是鮮黃色的.(參考文獻 54393)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found on coral (Ref. 58652), rocky, or rubble bottoms of reef flats, lagoons, and seaward reefs (Ref. 3921). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Juveniles form schools, adults usually solitary. Feed primarily on small fishes, crustaceans, peanut worms, shrimps, crabs, octopi, and small gastropods during the day (Ref. 3921). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.

栖息于礁石平台,泻湖与临海礁石的珊瑚,岩石或碎石堆底部了。 稚鱼形成鱼群, 成鱼通常独居性。 主要吃小鱼,甲壳动物,星虫,虾,螃蟹,章鱼与小的腹足动物在白天期间。 (参考文献 3921) 最小深度报告取自参考文献 30874 。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-太平洋: 红海南至南非的德尔班 (参考文献 5405) 而且东至夏威夷群岛,列岛群岛,马贵斯群岛与 Tuamoto 岛, 北至琉球群岛, 南至新加勒多尼亚与拉帕岛。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Randall, John E. | 合作者

Randall, J.E., 2004. Revision of the goatfish genus Parupeneus (Perciformes: Mullidae), with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (36):64 p. (Ref. 54393)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 11 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有雪卡鱼毒中毒的报导 (Ref. 4690)





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 游钓鱼种: 是的; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.5 - 29, mean 27.8 (based on 1578 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00596 - 0.01841), b=3.09 (2.94 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.