分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海 関連する礁; 深さの範囲 1 - 35 m (Ref. 37816), usually 5 - 35 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 24°C - 27°C (Ref. 27115); 35°N - 36°S, 28°E - 124°W
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 5469) to the Hawaiian, Line, Marquesan and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia and the Austral Islands. Unknown from the Persian and Oman gulfs (Ref. 11441).
サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 30573); common length : 18.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 30573)
背面の脊椎 (合計): 10; 背鰭 (合計): 11; 肛門の骨 3; 臀鰭: 6. Body yellowish with broad blackish stripe on upper side; head and anterior part of body with small dark reddish spots (Ref. 5469).Color changes with growth as well as varies among adults (Ref. 37816). In Oceania, juveniles are a golden green dorsally and white ventrally; in continental areas juveniles may be red dorsally (Ref. 37816). The maroon and yellow phase was originally described as a distinct species, P. typee (Ref. 37816).
Inhabits clear lagoon or seaward reefs to at least 33 m depth (Ref. 9710), but may venture very deep. Occurs openly on coral and soft-bottom habitats, occasionally in pairs (Ref. 48636). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Tends to perch on outermost branches of Stylophora, Pocillopora, and Acropora corals (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on small fishes and crustaceans, sometimes on shrimps and is territorial and haremic (Ref. 37816). Solitary on corals (Ref 90102). Marketed mostly fresh.
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Distinct pairing. Spawning ascents into the water column occurred over a distance of 1.0 to 2.5 m (Ref. 26305).
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
水産業: 少数商業の; 水族館・水槽: 商業
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.5 - 28.8, mean 27.5 (based on 856 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00368 - 0.02365), b=3.07 (2.85 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.76 se; Based on food items.
弱み (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .