Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gymnotiformes
(Knifefishes) > Gymnotidae
Etymology: Gymnotus: Greek, gymnos = naked (Ref. 45335); melanopleura: From the Latin melano meaning dark, and the Greek pleura meaning rib or side, in reference to the dark bands along the lateral body durface. Noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical
South America: Mamirauá lake system near Tefé, Amazonas, Brazil and Rio Napo drainage, Loreto, Peru (Ref. 41292). Reported from the upper Amazon River basin, Brazil (Ref. 36692).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36692)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Slender body (body depth 6-10% TL versus 11-13) possess 12 pale bands along entire length of body, about as broad as the dark bands on the posterior half of the body, and a thin pale band extending posteroventrally below the eye to the branchial isthmus.
Collected in a whitewater floating meadow of the floodplain in the Tefé region (Ref. 41292).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Albert, J.S. and W.G.R. Crampton, 2001. Five new species of Gymnotus (Teleostei: Gymnotiformes) from an upper Amazon floodplain, with descriptions of electric organ discharges and ecology. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 12(3):241-266. (Ref. 41292)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00427 (0.00201 - 0.00906), b=3.04 (2.84 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .