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Pentapodus setosus (Valenciennes, 1830)

Butterfly whiptail
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pentapodus setosus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pentapodus setosus (Butterfly whiptail)
Pentapodus setosus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Nemipteridae (Threadfin breams, Whiptail breams)
Etymology: Pentapodus: Greek, pente = five + Greek, pous = feet (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 5 - 50 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical; 20°N - 12°S, 97°E - 135°E (Ref. 3810)

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Western Central Pacific: Philippines, South China Sea, Singapore, and Indonesia.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 48635); common length : 15.0 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 3810)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 10; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 9; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 7. Head scales reaching forward to between level of anterior margin of eyes and posterior nostrils. Suborbital naked. Lower limb of preopercle naked. Pelvic fins short, not reaching level of anus. Axillary scale present. Color: Pale brownish on back, lower part of body whitish. Presence of two bluish stripes across snout, first from middle of eye to tip of snout, second from upper lip to lower margin of eye. Top of snout dusky.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Found in silty coastal bays to deep muddy habitats offshore. Swims on open substrate adjacent to reefs, usually in small aggregations. Often with large bottom feeders such as stingrays to catch disturbed prey (Ref. 48635). Juveniles found close to reefs. Feeds on small crustaceans. Also taken by bamboo stake trap in Thailand. Used also in fish balls, fried and as duck food. Not much appreciated for food, and low priced.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Russell, B.C., 1990. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 12. Nemipterid fishes of the world. (Threadfin breams, whiptail breams, monocle breams, dwarf monocle breams, and coral breams). Family Nemipteridae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of nemipterid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(12):149p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 3810)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 27.7 - 29.2, mean 28.7 (based on 588 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5002   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00796 - 0.02506), b=2.97 (2.82 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.50 se; Based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   High.